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Conditions that affect bowel movements Treatment tips

Which condition affects the reflex of defecation?  Learn treatment tips from experts

The process of defecation or defecation is as important as eating. Getting rid of waste products from your body reduces the chances of infections and bacterial infections affecting you. Your body may have a variety of excretion problems and digestive health problems. The most common of these are constipation, diarrhea and stomach infections. The defecation reflex is a very simple and automated process that eliminates feces from your body. When there are some problems in this process and you have to put extra pressure to remove your stool, this condition is called defecation reflux. Today we are going to discuss the effects and treatment options available for restoring bowel movements.

Medical conditions that affect the reflex of defecation

Unfortunately, the reflexes of defecation do not always work as we would like. We spoke to Dr. Sumit Nigam, General Physician, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow, to find out the situation that could affect this natural process. He said there could be a number of different medical conditions that could damage the rectum image. Let’s look at some of the effects that can damage the bowel movement.

1. Gastrointestinal irritation

If you have any kind of stomach bug or stomach infection in your body, then you may have gastrointestinal irritation. This occurs when intestinal infections further irritate the nerves and affect their regular functioning. This type of problem is quite common in the bowel reflex and can occur from time to time. By taking the right diet and giving your stomach some time to rest, you can resolve gastrointestinal irritation.

Inflammation of the intestines

2. Neurological disorders

It could be that there is some damage to the nervous system that sends a message to your brain to pass stool. If this type of nerve damage occurs, the transmission of messages to the sphincter is affected. Brain disorders such as stroke, multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease can affect bowel movements. This can lead to serious complications and major problems with bowel movements.

Also read: Environmental allergies: what they are, types and symptoms

3. Disorders of the pelvic floor

Your muscles in the pelvic floor are responsible for defecating, urinating, and engaging in sexual activity. If you have any type of pelvic floor disorder, your bowel movements will be affected. Conditions such as rectal prolapse can affect your bowel movements and cause major problems with the bowel movement.

4. Spinal cord injury

Injuries to the spinal cord can affect your central nervous system. When a person has a spinal cord injury that causes a paraplegic or quadriplegic injury, the nerves are not able to carry signals and messages properly. This can result in problems with your bowel movements and some other supportive functions.

Constipation_ Abdominal_pain

Tips for recovery from defecation reflex

Since the cause can vary widely, there is no specific treatment for restoring your bowel movements. However, our experts have given some tips that you can apply to pass your stool comfortably.

1. Drink plenty of water to keep bowel movements smooth and less likely to cause constipation.

2. Eating high fiber foods in our diet can help digestion and provide nutrition to your gut and body. This makes it easier to pass stool.

3. Do not ignore urination or urge to defecate, if it is done regularly it can cause serious problems in future. It also increases the risk of internal infections.

Read more – World Liver Day 2022: The Benefits and Risks of Survival-Donor Liver Transplant

4. You can take some stool softeners from a doctor or gastroenterologist to make bowel movements easier, especially if you have trouble passing stools.

5. Choosing biofeedback. This process is also called neuromuscular training. It uses special sensors that can be used to put pressure on the rectum. This allows the person to pass stool easily and can solve the problem. These pressure sensors can be used effectively on a person suffering from defecation problems.

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Ulcerative colitis nutrition Probiotic effect

Can probiotics improve the symptoms of ulcerative colitis?  Read this to find out

There are many problems that can lead to serious discomfort if not addressed at the right time. Ulcerative colitis is a serious problem that is almost identical to inflammatory bowel disease. There are good bacteria in the body that support the digestive process and help in good bowel movements. Balancing these bacteria can actually help the gut maintain your health and relieve the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. Let us know if probiotics, which contain good bacteria, can help in the same way.

Ulcerative colitis and probiotics

If you’re thinking about the link between eating probiotic foods and chronic gastrointestinal disease, it’s simple, it’s about intestinal health. We spoke to Mrs. Shilpa Singh, a Clinical Nutritionist at Fatima Hospital in Lucknow, about the benefits of Probiotic Diet in Ulcerative Colitis. He explained that there are many symptoms of suffering from this condition which can be alleviated by eating probiotic foods in the diet. Symptoms include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Swelling
  • Diarrhea
  • Bleeding in the rectum


Effects of probiotics on ulcerative colitis

Probiotics can actually reduce inflammation in your gastrointestinal system. Ulcerative colitis is a gastrointestinal disease that causes inflammation of the intestines; So it comes in handy and improves the symptoms. According to experts, probiotics such as yogurt, kimchi, pickles and kefir can actually help improve UC conditions.

  • It improves intestinal immunity
  • It enhances the barrier function of the intestinal lining
  • The intestinal microbiota develops which are good bacteria in the intestine
  • It also helps to notice intestinal mucus which has different functions

Scientists believe that the genetic factor also plays a big role here. Bad bacteria can trigger chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa. Changing the way you look at bacteria can actually help make ulcerative colitis less invasive.

Also read: 7 Ways to Stop Panic Attacks Now

How can probiotics help?

1. It can act as a barrier in the intestinal line to prevent other “bad” bacteria from being stimulated in the mucosal immune system.

2. Probiotics also increase mucus production which causes changes in the consistency of mucus. As a result, it can cause thin mucus in a person’s gut that provides protection against invading bacteria.

3. Probiotics can cause mucosal immunity in the system. It is present in the intestinal tract which makes it easier to make protective immunoglobulins in the blood.

4. They may actually be more anti-inflammatory in nature by altering the function of the mucosal immune system. This can prevent you from getting ulcerative colitis again.


What are the risks of taking probiotics at UC?

Well, if there are benefits and health benefits, there may be some negative effects of eating probiotic food in ulcerative colitis.

1. It can affect the immune system’s response – Probiotics are not considered safe for those whose immune system is weakened. For this reason, it can increase the risk of infection with the following problems:

  • HIV related problems
  • Immunosuppressive drugs
  • Chemotherapy
  • Some types of cancer

2. It can worsen the symptoms of ulcerative colitis – in some cases it can cause health complications that are commonly associated with ulcerative colitis. These include brain fog, bloating, and bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine.

Also read – Autism in Adults: Learn the Signs and Challenges

Which probiotic can be added for ulcerative colitis?

There are some foods that contain probiotics and can be healthy for problems related to ulcerative colitis.

  • Skim milk
  • Cheese
  • Ice cream
  • Buttermilk
  • Powdered milk
  • Yogurt
  • Soy based products
  • Juice
  • Miss
  • Tempeh
  • Kimchi
  • Miss
  • Sauerkraut

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Healthy habits for kidney health

Here are 7 habits to keep your kidneys healthy

The kidney is a vital organ in the human body that carries out the detoxification process to eliminate toxins, excess water and waste products from the body. These bean-shaped organs need to be in perfect health to help the body process everything naturally. Nowadays kidney problems are increasing due to various reasons. Lifestyle factors play an important role in maintaining health and wellness. So for a healthy kidney we must make sure to practice. In this paragraph, Dr. Atul Ingle, Consultant Nephrologist and Transplant Physician, Director, Department of Nephrology, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Bhashi Kidney health tips are shared to make sure your kidneys are in good condition.

7 Healthy Practices for Kidney Health

Here are some good habits for a healthy kidney that you must follow to avoid kidney problems.

Stay active and fit

One of the main habits that can keep you healthy and fit throughout your life is physical activity. As long as your body is fit and in its best shape, you are healthy. Exercising regularly is very important to reduce the risk of kidney disease. It will increase blood circulation which keeps the heart and other organs healthy. Do some physical activity every day to promote overall well-being.

Also read: Do you know why a kidney fails?

Control blood sugar

Not just diabetics, but everyone should have their blood sugar checked. High blood sugar can damage your kidneys because when blood sugar is irregular or blood cells are unable to use the glucose present in the blood, it puts a strain on your kidneys. Therefore, patients with diabetes have a higher risk of chronic kidney disease.

Healthy habits for kidney health

Monitor blood pressure

Both high blood sugar and high blood pressure are equally detrimental to the health of your kidneys. One of the healthiest habits of the kidneys is to monitor your blood pressure regularly. High blood pressure increases the risk of cholesterol, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and kidney disease. If your blood pressure rises frequently, you must consult a doctor to prevent kidney disease (s).

Healthy diet and weight management

A healthy diet is important not only for controlling your weight but also for your kidneys. Being overweight or obese increases the risk of kidney problems and therefore weight control is very important. Having a healthy weight and proper BMI is the key to good health. If you want to keep your kidneys healthy, avoid oily, salty and junk food. Keep seasonal products and try to eat only home cooked food. Don’t go on a crash diet just to lose weight as it can increase the risk of health problems in the long run.

Also read: 7 Golden Rules for a Healthy Kidney

Healthy habits for kidney health

Drink plenty of fluids

Water is the best detoxifying drink that cleanses the whole body. If you drink healthy fluids like water and fresh fruit juice, you can easily get rid of toxins from the body. Drinking water not only keeps the body hydrated but it also helps in kidney function and weight control. Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water daily to keep your kidneys healthy. In addition, drinking water reduces the risk of kidney stones.

Healthy habits for kidney health

Avoid smoking and alcohol

If you smoke or drink alcohol, stop these habits to make sure your kidneys are healthy. Nicotine reduces blood flow and over time damages blood vessels, disrupting blood supply to the body, including the kidneys. Alcohol is equally destructive because it dehydrates the body and impairs kidney function.

Avoid taking unnecessary OTC medications

If you want to pop a pill for every small to big problem, it can threaten your kidneys. If you frequently take over-the-counter medications, your health is at risk because these medications have long-term effects.


In addition to the aforementioned habits, you must have your kidney function checked once or twice a year. This will help you keep track of your kidney function and whether there are any underlying problems that require medical attention. Don’t ignore kidney problems as it can lead to chronic illnesses such as kidney failure over time.

Image Credit – Fripic

Non-medical way to manage labor pain

There are 5 non-medical ways to manage labor pain relief

Medication is the easiest way to relieve labor pains dramatically, but it is not the only way. For centuries, women have used natural methods to deal with pain. Breathing techniques, massage, relaxation, warmth and movement are some common pain management methods that do not have unwanted side effects. Giving birth is a natural process, but what is called natural delivery is the experience of labor and delivery without the use of any medicine or anesthesia. Read the article to know more about non-medical and natural ways to control labor pains.

Natural ways to reduce labor pains

There are many ways to reduce labor pains without medication. Each method has advantages and disadvantages. Here are 7 natural ways to relieve labor pains:

1. Water

Most hospitals and maternity centers will have facilities that allow you to take a bath in the early stages of delivery. Many women find that being in a warm bath is comfortable and helps them cope with contractions. You may find that taking a bath can help with any of your back pain.

2. Heat pack

Applying warmth is a tried and tested way to relieve pain and tight muscles. So it is not surprising that it is a very effective way to get rid of labor pains. A warm hot water bottle is perfect for warming your back, abdomen or groin if you are in the hospital or at home. Use a hot water bottle filled with warm (not boiling) water. Be sure to wrap the bottle in a towel or soft wrap before you use it.

3. Stay active

Being active during delivery can help women cope with pain and reduce the length of delivery. Women have been active in labor for many centuries, but in the West, as a result of childbirth treatment, women admit to lying in bed. Although you may want to rest in bed during contractions, many women find that when they feel supportive, they naturally want to move around and can’t handle lying down well, which can increase the pain and hinder the delivery of your baby. Pushes against gravity.

4. Change of position

Being comfortable at work is definitely going to make a huge difference in your pain tolerance. The worst (and most ineffective) position for pain during delivery is lying flat on your back in bed, then half reclining. Straight, forward-leaning positions are ideal, as when your uterus is compressed, it actually contracts forward.

5. Acupuncture

Acupuncture can reduce labor pains and reduce the need to use forceps. It is not clear how this works. There are no known side effects of acupuncture for mother or baby. Only a trained person should do acupuncture. Not all hospital staff have acupuncture therapists. You may need to discuss arranging your own practitioner.

6. Rhythmic breathing

Breathing is a simple and widely used natural pain-management technique and an effective way to help manage your contractions. Focusing on your breathing is a really helpful way to go through every contraction.

7. Aromatherapy

There are many great uses for aromatherapy in labor. If you give birth in a hospital, it can provide a nice scent to mask the hospital odor, enabling you to relax a bit more. Although some essential oils are not recommended during pregnancy and delivery, it is completely safe to burn any oil in your burner.

Some women use songs or songs that they think are meaningful. So go ahead and choose the thing you like as soon as you are ready to welcome your baby. If these methods don’t work, or you don’t get a chance to try them, don’t hesitate to ask your doctor for appropriate medical pain relief.

Dental care advice for people over 60

Dental care in old age: Here's how to maintain oral health in the 60's

Aging is a natural process that causes various changes in the body and the oral cavity is no exception. It is important to understand that there is a strong link between oral health and general health. Physiological aging is often associated with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, loss of autonomy and dependence on daily activities. Even the oral cavity as an important component of active aging may experience dental problems with or without the presence of any underlying medical problems. Some of the most common dental problems seen in older people are tooth decay, missing teeth, gum disease, tooth decay and tooth decay (decay). Read as Dr. Bathsala, Reader, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal Share dental care tips for seniors in this article.

Dental health after 60

With age comes tooth decay, tearing, tearing, and tooth decay. This can be further exacerbated by inappropriate oral hygiene measures such as brushing with inappropriate techniques and using a stiff bristle brush.

  • As a result, the teeth lose their natural color and appearance and are more susceptible to tooth breakage.
  • Patients may complain of sensitivity to certain foods.
  • This further leads to tooth decay and tooth loss.
  • To avoid this one must use a medium to soft bristle toothbrush and adopt the correct brushing technique.
  • The toothbrush should be changed once in three months or whenever it goes out of shape.

Older people’s teeth are missing

Another common dental problem that is prominent among older people is missing teeth.

Dental health after 60

  • Failure to maintain good oral hygiene habits is a major cause of gum disease and tooth decay.
  • An important risk factor is tobacco use.
  • Absence of teeth has a big impact on quality of life. It reduces chewing efficiency and affects food choices with rejection for fibrous foods.
  • This can lead to unwanted gaps between the teeth that lead to the effects of food.
  • Communication is also disrupted due to tooth decay.

How to treat a lost dentist?

There are many options for replacing missing teeth. From removable teeth to fixed teeth and implants. The decision on the type of replacement depends on factors such as the location of the missing tooth, bone support, overall health, the condition of the remaining teeth, and the patient’s affordability. Here are some things to keep in mind when wearing a dental floss:

  • The teeth must fit properly into the mouth.
  • It is essential to clean and massage all the surfaces of the tongue, gums and mouth after tooth extraction at night.
  • Teeth should be cleaned daily with denture care products.
  • Any burn, ulcer or redness under the teeth must be alerted to the person to seek the advice of a dentist immediately.
Dental health after 60

Gum disease in older adults

Gum health is vital for dental durability, but most people fail to pay attention to this aspect. Older people often present with loose gums and loose teeth.

  • Early symptoms of gum disease include swollen and redness of the gums and bleeding during brushing.
  • Poor oral hygiene, lack of regular dental checkups, systemic diseases such as smoking or chewing tobacco and diabetes can exacerbate gum disease.
  • Gum diseases can be easily prevented if one maintains good oral hygiene and keeps the surface of the teeth clean.
  • Dental scaling procedures can be performed to remove any plaque that has already formed.
  • In more serious gum disease, deep scaling and surgical procedures may be required.
  • Therefore, regular dental visits are needed to help diagnose these conditions at an early stage.

Tooth decay

Decayed teeth or dental caries is the most common dental problem seen in all ages. Root surface erosions are more common in older people due to loose gums or exposed roots.

  • The best way to prevent tooth decay is to maintain good oral hygiene, eat healthy nutritious foods and avoid high sugar sugary foods.
  • Regular dental visits help to identify the problem at an early stage and timely cavity filling facilitates longevity of the teeth.
  • People with severe toothache may have an infected tooth that requires root canal treatment to prevent the need for tooth removal.
  • However, if a dentist considers a decayed tooth to be useless, tooth removal may be the only option.

Other problems

In addition to the dental problems mentioned, older people suffer from systemic diseases, neuropathic problems, and may take multiple medications. Patients taking multiple medications often complain of dry mouth and food allergies.

Dental health after 60

  • Such patients may be advised to take oral salts with artificial saliva supplements, drink water frequently to keep the oral cavity moist, and avoid irritants such as spicy foods, alcohol, smoking and caffeine.
  • Nutritional deficiencies such as anemia are another commonly noted condition at this age.
  • Burning sensations and angular cheilitis (pain in the corners of the face) may be presented by these patients.

Nutritional supplements must be advised along with timely medical advice. Older people often have a decline in manual skills, cognitive disabilities in performing daily tasks, and a low sensitivity threshold. This can pose a challenge to careful oral hygiene maintenance. Specially adapted handles, Proxa brushes, finger tooth brushes, electric toothbrushes, brushes with flexi grip handles, foams on the handles of toothbrushes may be recommended for better grip and easy use.

Dental care advice for people over 60

Here are some tips for maintaining a healthy face in old age:

Good oral hygiene is key. Brush twice a day with fluoridated toothpaste and a soft bristled brush. The brush needs to be changed when it goes out of shape.

  • Have regular dental checkups twice a year
  • Flush once a day to remove debris in the middle of the teeth. Floss with handle can be chosen
  • Eat nutritious foods, avoid fiber-rich and sticky, sugary items.
  • Rub your face well after every meal

Once you reach 60, dental care will not be limited to emergency care. Instead, the goal of oral health should be to keep teeth healthy and beautiful. A healthy smile looks great at every age!

Image Credit – Fripic

The Difference Between Panic Attacks And Anxiety Attacks

    Panic Attack vs. Anxiety Attack: Experts Explain the Difference

Panic attacks and anxiety attacks are two completely different terms, but some have similar symptoms. Such attacks vary in intensity and duration. You can hear people talking about panic attacks and anxiety attacks as if they are the same thing. Although they have different conditions.

The differences between panic and anxiety are best described in terms of the severity of the symptoms and the duration of the main symptoms. Panic attacks usually peak within about 10 minutes while anxiety can last for months. Onlymyhealth spoke to the editorial team Dr. Reema Gupta, Consultant, Clinical Psychology, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, A healthy day to learn the difference between panic attacks and anxiety attacks in a special weekly live session series.

Panic attack

Panic attacks

Panic attacks are usually more intense and sudden than anxiety attacks. They come out of the blue, while anxiety attacks are often associated with a trigger. Panic attacks can happen to anyone, but having multiple can be a sign of panic disorder.

Panic symptoms peak after 10 minutes, then gradually subside. However, there can be several panic attacks in a row, which makes it look like the attack has been going on for a long time. After an attack, many people feel stressed, anxious or otherwise abnormal for the rest of the day.

Also read: 8 Ways to Stop Panic Attacks Now


Panic attacks come on suddenly, without any obvious trigger. According to Dr. Rima, the main symptoms of a panic attack are:

  • Fast heartbeat
  • Feeling sick
  • Chest pain
  • Trembling
  • Weakness of breath
  • Sweat
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness
  • Looks like they’re going crazy

Causes of panic attacks

Panic attacks can be expected or unexpected. There is no apparent trigger for an unexpected attack. Panic attacks usually occur from the blue without an obvious, immediate trigger. In some cases, however, they are “expected” because the fear is caused by a known stress, such as a phobia.

Anxiety attacks

Anxiety attacks

Anxiety, on the other hand, is part of the strictly sensitive and protective responses in the human body. Anxiety is caused when it is excessive or gets in the way of your daily life.

When a panic attack comes on suddenly, the symptoms of anxiety follow a period of extreme anxiety. Symptoms may become more pronounced within minutes or hours. They are usually less severe than panic attacks. Anxiety symptoms are often more chronic than the symptoms of a panic attack. They can last for days, weeks or months.

Also read: What are the concerns? Here are six ways in which anxiety can affect your health


Anxiety is usually related to the expectation of a stressful situation, experience or event. It can come slowly. Lack of diagnostic recognition of anxiety attacks means that the signs and symptoms are open to explanation. The main symptoms of anxiety are:

  • Stress
  • Fast heart rate
  • Fear
  • Trembling
  • Anxiety
  • Disrupted sleep
  • Lack of attention
  • Muscle tension

Tips for dealing with panic and anxiety attacks

Here are some helpful tips for dealing with panic and anxiety attacks:

  • Panic attacks usually occur without a trigger. Anxiety is a response to a perceived stress or threat.
  • The symptoms of a panic attack are intense and intermittent. They often involve feelings of “unreality” and isolation. Anxiety symptoms vary in intensity, from mild to severe.
  • Panic attacks occur suddenly, when the symptoms of anxiety gradually become more intense within minutes, hours or days.
  • Panic attacks usually subside after a few minutes, while anxiety symptoms can persist for a long time.

There are effective treatments available that can improve outcomes and well-being, so it is important to talk to a doctor if you have symptoms of anxiety or panic attacks. During an assessment, the doctor will take a medical history, a physical examination, and run lab tests to help rule out any medical illness that may be contributing to your symptoms.

Professionals who treat mental health conditions diagnose a disease based on the criteria found in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Edition) known as DSM-5. Although anxiety and panic attacks may seem similar, the differences described in the DSM.

The difference between a sanitary pad and a panty liner

Sanitary pads and panty liners: Learn all the differences between the two

Every woman has been aware of sanitary pads since adolescence, but most have never heard of panty liners. Do you know what they are? Okay, sanitary napkins are absorbent that you wear on your panties during menstruation. And the panty liners aren’t too different. It is an absorbent fabric thinner than a pad, worn inside the panties, but serves the same purpose. It is mostly used for blemishes or discharges. It can help you feel comfortable throughout the day. Keep reading to know the difference between sanitary pads and panty liners.

The difference between a sanitary pad and a panty liner

Both sanitary pads and panty liners can be used during menstruation. Most women prefer to use sanitary pads instead of panty liners. Here is the difference between the two.

Panty liner

Panty liners are basically wingless small pads that play the right role of pads in panties. Panty liners are available in different sizes in the market. These are made in different sizes and types. There are two main types of panty liners:

Panty liner for extra protection – You can use panty liner for extra protection on the day of heavy discharge. These panty liners help dry out the menstrual flow and provide more protection during the day.

Ordinary panty liner – This type of panty liner is thin and mostly suitable for vaginal discharge absorption or low menstrual flow. Most women use it in the last days of their period because then the period is shorter.

Also read: Do you know the dangers of using sanitary pads?

Benefits of using panty liner

Panty liners are also readily available and comfortable in the market. However, they should not be used during heavy menstrual flow. Here are the main benefits of using a panty liner:

  • Helpful during vaginal discharge, leakage of urine and sudden period
  • Panty liner prevents the risk of panties getting dirty
  • Panty liner is useful for the last days of bleeding
  • Keeps moisture in the bay
  • It keeps the vaginal area dry

How to use a panty liner?

Here are some steps to explain how to use panty liner:

  • To use the panty liner, you first need to stick it inside your panties
  • A typical panty liner can only be used for 2 hours
  • Even reusable panty liners made of cloth are normal

Sanitary pads

Sanitary pads

Sanitary pads or napkins and pads are also said to be the most used products during periods. You can choose between different types depending on the body type, size and many other factors. However, it cannot be reused like panty liner.

Also read: Why you should switch to organic sanitary pads

Advantages of sanitary pads

Unlike panty liners, sanitary napkins are more effective if used during heavy flow. It is the most purchased women’s hygiene product in the world. The benefits of the pad are listed below:

  • Good for low odor and rash
  • Can be used to absorb heavy flow during menstruation
  • Absorbs blood properly during menstruation
  • Protects against skin infections
  • The pad is comfortable and easy to use

How to use sanitary pads?

You can use any one during the period as per your requirement. It is important to be aware of the differences between sanitary pads and panty liners. Here’s how to use your Santa Napkins:

  • Sanitary pads should be attached to the pack of your panties and the soaked side should face upwards.
  • In this process, their wings have to be withdrawn and glued on both sides
  • You can use a sanitary napkin for 5 hours and no more

Hemophilia: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment – World Hemophilia Day 2022: Symptoms,

    World Hemophilia Day 2022: Symptoms, causes and treatment of the disease

Hemophilia is a hemorrhagic disorder caused by the inability of the inherited blood to clot properly. This can lead to spontaneous bleeding as well as bleeding after injury or surgery. Hemophilia is caused by a mutation or mutation in a gene that gives clues to how clotting factor proteins help make blood clots. Haemophiliacs have low levels of factor VIII or factor IX in their blood. Hemophilia occurs in men due to the immediate change of the X chromosome.

The genes on the X chromosome contain one copy in males and two in females. As a result, if their biological mother carries the gene, men are more likely to develop hemophilia. Women who have a mutated gene can be carriers and spread the disease to their babies. World Hemophilia Day is celebrated on April 17 every year to raise awareness about this condition. With World Hemophilia Day 2022 Near the corner, Onlymyhealth spoke to the editorial team Dr. Roshan Dixit, Senior Consultant, Hematology & Sister Marrow Transplant, Akash Healthcare, Dwarka, Delhi, Learn about the symptoms, causes and treatment of hemophilia.

Types of hemophilia

Hemophilia is divided into two types: type A and type B. Hemophilia A is a blood disorder that is caused by a deficiency of VIII. Hemophilia type A is four times more common than hemophilia type B. Hemophilia B, also known as Christmas Disease, is caused by a deficiency of clotting factor IX. Haemophilia B affects one in 25,000 men born worldwide.

Also read: Hemophilia Blood Disorder: 7 Myths And Amazing Facts Behind This Disorder

Symptoms of hemophilia

A person may experience spontaneous nosebleeds, bleeding from the mouth or gums, easy sores or hematomas, and excessive bleeding or minor injuries after dental or other surgery. In light-skinned people, symptoms do not appear until puberty.

After surgery or trauma, a person with moderate hemophilia may easily and excessively feel trauma as well as excessive bleeding. When a child is five or six years old, doctors can usually diagnose a moderate case.

People with severe hemophilia may experience spontaneous bleeding, which usually occurs in the muscles or joints. It can cause discomfort and swelling. If left untreated, it can lead to arthritis of the affected joints. When a person has a child, doctors can often diagnose serious cases.

Diagnosis of hemophilia

Hemophilia is diagnosed through symptoms, clinical evaluation, personal medical history and another diagnostic test. Blood tests can reveal how long it takes for blood to clot, the level of blood clotting factors, and if no clotting factors are missing. Blood test results can also be used to determine the type and severity of hemophilia.

Treatment of hemophilia

Although there is no cure for hemophilia, doctors can successfully treat this condition. The goal of treatment is to replace the missing protein as well as prevent complications. This includes administration or replacement of clotting factors. We can get clotting factor for transplant therapy from human blood or make it synthetically in the lab.

Also read: Symptoms of Hemophilia: These 3 conditions can be potential indicators of hemophilia

Recombinant clotting factors are artificially produced factors. Using DNA technology, this concentration has been genetically engineered. Furthermore, since recombinant factors VIII (8) and IX (9) do not contain plasma or albumin, they are incapable of transmitting blood-borne viruses. Recombinant clotting factors are often the first treatment option for doctors because they reduce the risk of infections that can be found in human blood.

Prophylactic and demand therapy are two types of replacement therapy. People with severe forms of hemophilia A receive regular prophylactic treatment. Mild hemophiliacs may only need on-demand therapy, a treatment that doctors administer only when bleeding is uncontrolled. Other treatment options include bypassing agents, which are used to treat bleeding episodes in people with high titer inhibitors; Products that mimic Factor VIII; And Immune Tolerance Induction Therapy (ITI).

Symptoms of Zinc Deficiency | How to treat

What is zinc deficiency?  Learn how to treat this condition

Zinc is a mineral that is very effective in fighting various types of infections that attack your body. Zinc is really important for your body because it can help you recover from certain types of injuries and cell damage. If you do not get enough zinc in your diet, you may have problems with hair loss or density in life. Zinc deficiency in your body is called zinc deficiency and it is a real problem faced by about 5-7% of the population in India. Zinc deficiency can be easily controlled with proper supplementation and nutritional requirements. Today, we will look at this condition in detail and learn about ways to treat it.

What is zinc deficiency?

Zinc deficiency in the body can lead to general health problems which can increase with time. Zinc is used to reduce the risk of infection and improve immune health. We spoke to Mrs. Kriti Tripathi, a dietitian at Fatima Hospital, about the effects of zinc deficiency and how to treat this problem. He said that zinc is responsible for the production of cells and plays an important role in the development of the individual. It enables sexual development, physical growth and reproductive chain. Zinc deficiency can affect your life in many ways. You must know the symptoms to prevent health risks.


Symptoms of zinc deficiency

If you have zinc deficiency in your body, it can act as a symptom of the following symptoms or condition deficiency-

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Open sores on the skin
  • No recovery for late recovery or wounds
  • Sudden or unexplained weight loss
  • Problems concentrating
  • Decreased sense of smell and taste
  • Diarrhea

Zinc deficiency causes risk factors

In most cases, zinc depletion occurs in women during pregnancy and can even lead to zinc deficiency. It is rare for a person to have severe zinc loss and so it is important that you take care of it while you are pregnant. When planning a pregnancy, it is important to check once so that it does not make it difficult to get pregnant.

Alcoholics may also have zinc deficiency because their body is not able to digest minerals like zinc. This can cause major health problems for that person.

Also read- Cinnamon for Weight Loss: How Can It Help?

How to diagnose zinc deficiency?

Contains zinc throughout the body; Zinc deficiency can be difficult to diagnose just by looking at the symptoms. However, it is easier to find out through a simple blood test. If your doctor tells you that you have a zinc deficiency, you need to get accurate plasma readings.


Other tests to determine zinc deficiency may include a urine test and a strand analysis of your hair. There is an analysis of how much zinc is present in the contents of your hair. Sometimes zinc deficiency can be a symptom of other health conditions. Additional tests can be taken to understand the root cause of zinc deficiency.

Also read: Osteoporosis in women after menopause: What you need to know

Treatment of zinc deficiency

Zinc deficiency needs timely treatment to reduce adverse effects on the body. In most cases of mild loss of zinc, dietary changes are sufficient to promote minerals that can heal the damage. In case of this type of deficiency you should eat these foods more often-

  • Red meat
  • Poultry products
  • Seeds
  • Wheat gram
  • Wild rice
  • Cashews and peanuts
  • Peas and nuts

Zinc supplement- There are tablets and supplements on the market that can help provide the right number of dietary supplements. Multi-vitamin supplements may be helpful in treating sick people. To increase the amount of zinc in the body, you need to take some extra antibiotics or arthritis medicine to cure it quickly.

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Orthodontics treatment | How to get clean aligner therapy

What is Clear Aligner Therapy?  Learn how to get this orthodontic treatment by a specialist

Advances in technology over the past few decades have revolutionized all areas of life, including the dental care industry. Orthodontics, a specialized branch of dentistry, has witnessed interesting developments in the field. Notable is the transition from metallic braces to clear aligners. Today traditional metal braces are no longer the only way to straighten teeth, a fancy virtually invisible eyeliner treatment can also work magic. Clean aligners fit on teeth and can be removed when you don’t want to eat something “brace-friendly” (like an apple) if you want to brush your teeth well or play your favorite game.

How to get the best orthodontic treatment?

Some potential consumers aren’t sure how to get started. Although the technology has evolved and there are some devices that can be used to straighten teeth, some may be more suitable for you than others. Before starting any treatment it is worth investing in a personal examination with a registered specialist orthodontist who will be able to tell you the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment method. To straighten teeth is above all a medical procedure and requires expert knowledge, training and experience.


When you are being treated by a specialist orthodontist with a prescription – they will give you instructions and advice about your treatment plan. He or she will tell you about your plans for ongoing supervision as well as what follow-up will be needed to check your progress. In case of unusual discomfort or pain you can also make an appointment to see them in person. Dental movement is a complex procedure that needs to be performed properly and with supervision by a registered orthodontist.

What is Clear Aligner Therapy?

Let’s understand Dr. Preeti Udayaraja, an orthodontist in Chennai, talks about clear eyeliner therapy. We will also know why it is recommended only under the supervision of a registered orthodontist.

He explained that the market has been flooded with options for straightening teeth. However, treatment of malocclusion (i.e. misaligned teeth) should only be done by a certified orthodontist. It is started under the ongoing supervision of an orthodontist during personal examination of teeth and gums and treatment before starting treatment.

Read more- How do I keep my child’s cavity free during childhood?

The alignment of your teeth not only affects your smile, but also how the bottom half of your mouth looks. Miscellaneous teeth can have other conditions such as gum disease, affected wisdom teeth, etc., all of which require holistic treatment.

Miscellaneous dental treatment

The treatment plan is custom-made for each person by a trained and certified orthodontist. Clinical assessment of teeth, jaw movements, history of habits affecting teeth, dental X-rays and facial bones are important to arrive at a treatment plan tailored to each patient’s needs.


The movement of the teeth is brought by a constant force on the teeth transferred to the bone. Improper use of force can cause loosening of teeth, your teeth may return to normal after treatment and other complications may occur. In older patients with gum and bone problems, the force applied to the movement of the teeth needs to be closely monitored.

Read more – Grinding teeth at night: 6 ways to prevent bruxism

A specialist is the best person for your treatment and is well-equipped to deal with or anticipate the potential complications of your treatment, “said Dr. Udayaraja. Always rely on the advice and guidance of a registered orthodontist when deciding to straighten your teeth. A registered orthodontist will create an individualized care plan for your treatment and monitor your progress from start to finish.

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