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Month: April 2022

Brain Hemorrhage | Type – Brain hemorrhage or bleeding: Type and effect on you

Brain hemorrhage or bleeding: You should know about the type and effect

Any type of brain injury can be very serious and fatal. Effects on the brain Your nerves can be damaged and your body’s functioning can be affected by it. One of the most dangerous conditions in the brain that can cause death is called brain hemorrhage. Most people are not able to get rid of most types of brain hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhage refers to severe bleeding inside your scalp and brain. There are different types of brain hemorrhage or intracranial hemorrhage in the body. Today we will learn about different types of brain hemorrhages and their effects.

What is intracranial hemorrhage?

Intracranial hemorrhage or ICH refers to acute bleeding inside your scalp or brain. This is definitely a life-threatening emergency and you should not ignore it at any cost. To find out more about different types of brain hemorrhage, we spoke to Dr. Yashwant Agarwal, a nephrologist at Vojart Healthcare Hospital in Bangalore. Bleeding in the brain depends on the location of the damaged nerve, he said. The location of these damaged nerves can determine the type of cerebral hemorrhage. Let’s look at the type of this deadly disease.

Hemorrhage

Types of brain hemorrhage

Four types, viz.

  1. Epidural hematoma
  2. Subdural hematoma
  3. Subarachnoid bleeding
  4. Intracerebral hemorrhage

1. Subdural hematoma

In this condition there is a collection of blood on the surface of your brain. Subdural hematoma can be caused by your head moving too fast and stopping sudden movement. This is usually due to a car accident or accidental impact. You may be shocked to see it, but it is the same kind of movement, a child feels when his head is shaking fast. A subdural hematoma is the most common ICH in the elderly. It can also be caused by heavy alcohol abuse.

Also read: Osteoporosis in women after menopause: What you need to know

2. Subarachnoid hemorrhage

This type of bleeding occurs when there is slight bleeding between the thin tissue and the lining of the brain. These tissues inside the brain are called meninges. The most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage is trauma. This may be due to rupture of major blood vessels in the brain such as intracerebral aneurysm. In this type of bleeding, there is a sharp and sudden headache before the person becomes unconscious or before this condition occurs. Sometimes you may have symptoms such as loss of consciousness and vomiting.

Brain_function_effect

3. Intracerebral hemorrhage

This is the most severe type of bleeding that occurs with a stroke. Intracerebral hemorrhage is when there is bleeding in your brain. This is the most common type of ice in humans. It is not usually the result of an injury and thus can occur suddenly at any point or movement. Intracerebral hemorrhage can have serious consequences and can lead to brain death if the patient is not taken to the hospital immediately.

Having this hammer may have some warning signs before the bleeding starts. This is a neurological deficiency which is also called a problem in the functioning of the brain. Some of the symptoms that can occur before the bleeding progresses are-

  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Feeling sick
  • Consciousness has decreased
  • High blood pressure
  • Weakness in one part of the body

4. Epidural hematoma

A hematoma is a ball-like collection of blood or clots outside a blood vessel. In the case of an epidural hematoma, blood clots form between the scalp and the outer lining of the brain. It is usually caused by a skull fracture or a head injury. It is the result of high pressure bleeding from prominent features. If you have an epidural hematoma, you may lose consciousness for a short time and recover after a while.

Read more: Risk of blood clotting may increase after COVID-19 infection: study

Risk of brain hemorrhage or bleeding

Most injuries to the brain are due to head injuries or cerebral hemorrhage. There are some lifestyle choices that can also put you at increased risk of head injury and lead you to ICH.

  • Family history of ICH
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol
  • High blood pressure
  • Excessive tobacco or cigarette smoking
  • Use of certain drugs, including cocaine and MDMA
  • Extreme physical exertion

Picture Credit – pixabay.com

Osteoporosis Post Menopause | Definition Symptoms Warning Tips

Osteoporosis in women after menopause: What you need to know

Bone health and related conditions can affect you at any stage of life. But they later became more prominent, especially among women. Osteoporosis is a condition in which the bones become progressively weaker. According to a survey by the Indian Society of Bone and Mineral Research (ISBMR), since 2015, it has been estimated that 20% of 230 million Indian women over the age of 50 have osteoporosis. To raise awareness of these little-known health issues, we are running an ongoing campaign called “Healthy Living” where we try to focus on the health aspects of each individual. Today our focus will be on women’s osteoporosis once they reach menopause.

Osteoporosis in women: What should you know?

We have consulted Dr. Nileen Shah, Consultant Orthopedics, PD Hinduja Hospital and Medical Research Center, Khar to help women understand the state of osteoporosis after menopause. Among women, she explained, osteoporosis is more common in two types, post-menopausal osteoporosis and aging. Estrogen and progesterone, the female sex hormones, have a positive effect on the skeletal bone by promoting osteoblast activity. These are the cells that make new bone and regulate bone metabolism. During menopause, the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body decrease.

Osteoporosis

Changes in these hormones and decreased circulation of the hormone estrogen in the body negatively affect the strength of the bones causing adverse effects. Many studies have shown that osteoporosis is prevalent in 8 to 62% of Indian women of different ages. In general, maximum bone mass (strength) is achieved at age 25, after which bone density and strength gradually decrease.

How does osteoporosis develop after menopause?

Osteoporosis develops as the effects of estrogen decrease. The main cause of osteoporosis is the same for all women. But hormonal changes during menopause affect women in such a way that it increases their risk of osteoporosis.

Also, post-menopausal women who are taking hormone replacement therapy have a lower incidence of osteoporosis than others. Whether or not to take hormone replacement therapy is a decision that should be made not only on the basis of the manifestations of osteoporosis, but also on other factors. Other factors may include age, family and personal medical history. This is usually a joint decision that should be made in consultation with a physician and gynecologist.

Read more- Do you know why a kidney fails? Here are the causes, symptoms and treatment options

Symptoms of osteoporosis after menopause

Overall, osteoporosis is considered a silent disease because no major symptoms are observed. This is until the bone strength is severely reduced and causes a fracture. Postmenopausal women may experience the following symptoms:

  • Discomfort in walking
  • Pain in the lower part of the body
  • Joint pain
  • Difficulty getting up from a low bench

Vitamin D deficiency in this condition is called osteomalacia. People can feel pain and soreness in the body. However, osteoporosis cannot be detected unless special tests are performed.

Pain_bone_osteoporosis

Differences between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis in women

  1. Osteoarthritis affects the joints where two bones connect, while osteoporosis affects bone density.
  2. Osteoporosis affects bone formation, while osteoarthritis affects the outer part of the bone where a joint is formed.
  3. Osteoarthritis is caused by aging, joint injury and obesity while osteoporosis can be caused by a variety of factors such as hormonal changes, oral drug reactions and other treatments used in conditions such as epilepsy.

Read more- Is infertility genetic? Learn about the genetic causes of infertility in men and women

Precautions for women after menopause

After the age of 55-60, all women are advised to take precautionary tests such as bone chemistry, calcium, vitamins and DEXA bone scan estimates to establish or rule out osteoporosis.

Any woman with osteoporosis should avoid any activity or physical risk where a fracture may occur. If a person has difficulty maintaining balance, or if they are already suffering from osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, walking help is recommended.

Most cases of fractures occur due to physical collapse during daily activities, especially in the elderly. So, some basic measures like installing grab bars and hand rails, wearing loose clothes, wearing shoes, eliminating the danger of tripping.

Bone_weakness

Since osteoporosis means osteoporosis, the most basic and effective solution is to incorporate mindful exercise into your routine life, such as walking, low-impact aerobics, stair climbing, and weight-bearing routines.

Include calcium and vitamin D supplements. You may want to consider alternatives such as hormone replacement therapy, or selective estrogen receptor modulators and anti-resorptive agents, with alendronate being a fairly popular oral tablet.

Conclusion

It goes without saying that prevention is better than cure. It also holds true value for women with osteoporosis. Women over the age of 50 in particular should ensure optimal bone health by consuming calcium-rich foods, maintaining optimal levels of vitamin D, and exercising regularly.

Picture Credit – pixabay.com

Genetic causes of infertility in men and women

Is infertility genetic?  Learn about the genetic causes of infertility in men and women

Infertility can be inherited, but it is much more complicated than that. There are no genes for infertility, but more than half of all cases of infertility are due to an underlying genetic condition and, in some cases, hereditary causes can be inherited. However, there are many more factors that can cause fertility problems, such as unhealthy lifestyles. Being genetically aware will make you stronger and will make you better aware of your reproductive health. So let’s find out some genetic disorders that can cause infertility in men and women as explained Dr. Shruti Ghat, Fertility Consultant, Nova IVF Fertility, Bhopal.

Genetic causes of infertility

Genetic causes of infertility in men

Male infertility is caused by low sperm quantity and quality, abnormal sperm function, and pain and swelling in the testicles. These fertility problems are caused by chronic illness, injury, lifestyle choices and genetics. Genetic conditions that can cause male infertility are;

  • Kleinfelter Syndrome – Men with Kleinfelter syndrome have extra X chromosomes that cause low testosterone production, which results in or decreases sperm production.
  • Coleman’s syndrome – Coleman’s syndrome interferes with the production of certain hormones that negatively affect sexual development, leading to infertility.
  • Y chromosome microdialysis – People with this condition are missing part of their Y chromosome, which can cause them to have less or less sperm production. The Y chromosome contains genes that are involved in sperm development.
  • Mutations in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) – Cystic fibrosis is a condition that usually affects the lungs and digestive system. However, it also causes male fertility problems because it negatively affects the vas deferens and does not allow sperm transport.
  • Chromosome rearrangement – People with chromosome rearrangement either shed too much or too little chromosomal material, which increases the risk of pregnancy loss, pregnancy problems, and neonatal birth defects.

Genetic causes of infertility in women

Infertility can be caused by hormonal changes, menstruation and ovulation problems, endometriosis and other reproductive health problems. Other factors that affect a woman’s fertility include age, weight, lifestyle and genetics.

  • Endometriosis – In endometriosis, the tissue that is usually found in the lining of the uterus develops elsewhere in the body. This condition is inherited and is one of the major causes of fertility problems in women. Women with a family history of menstrual problems are also known to suffer from the same problem. For example, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and PCOD can sometimes be hereditary, but other factors such as weight, diet, and lifestyle changes can also affect.
  • Turner syndrome – People with Turner syndrome have an increased risk of ovarian insufficiency, which can lead to fertility problems.
  • Frasile X Syndrome – Women with Frasile X Syndrome are at risk of early ovarian insufficiency, which causes their ovaries to stop working before the age of 40. This leads to infertility problems and even a high risk of giving birth to a mentally handicapped child.
Genetic causes of infertility

Why is it advisable for young people to get an initial test for infertility?

Various conditions that can cause fertility problems such as egg quality and quantity, low sperm count and quality, block or damaged fallopian tubes can happen to anyone regardless of family history. Although most of the conditions that cause infertility are not inherited, understanding your potential causes of infertility can help you evaluate all your concerns about fertility. If you have a family history of infertility, and you can’t get pregnant after a year of trying, a fertility test is recommended. Genetic blood testing has many advantages because it answers your questions about your personal reproduction and family history. Genetic testing is usually recommended during fertility assessment and fertility treatment.

Conclusion

Your fertility specialist will be able to provide the necessary guidance and support. Awareness is the first step towards finding a solution. Genetics Genetics can play a role in fertility problems that can help you identify problems later than later.

Image Credit – Fripic

Top 5 CBD Products for Sleep, Recovery, Pain and Stress

This article was produced in partnership with Paradigm Media

By now, you’ve probably heard of a handful of illnesses that science and athletes say CBD can actually help with: Sleep problems if you have a big meeting tomorrow, body aches after digging off your mountain bike, stress or anxiety during work , And restore muscle after a heavy day or chest day.

But the key to harnessing the power of CBD is to extract snake oil from reliable sources. This means finding brands that have intentional formulations.

For starters, it looks like using high-quality flax. But we think it’s best not to rely solely on CBD রয়েছে there are other plants that can be used as medicine to help you sleep better or recover faster.

Enter EvanA no-fuss CBD brand that focuses on high-quality extracts trusted by world-class athletes.

Evn CBD products are made from non-GMO, organically grown flax plants on family-owned flax farms in Colorado. Small farms taken care of by real people are usually a guarantee for high quality plants.

Evn then uses premium-grade CO2 equipment to extract CBD from the flax plant for cleaner distillation and tests all of its final formulas in recognized, third-party independent labs to make sure it is meeting quality and consistency standards.

The result: You keep an incredibly high-quality CBD in your body that is guaranteed to be as pure, reliable, and effective as possible.

But there are two more reasons why EVN CBD products are different from others. For starters, its products focus on sleep, pain relief and other ailments and gain more than just the power of CBD – the formulas are thought out with other powerful herbs and plants proven by science to help you find relief, such as Curcumin for pain and L-theanine for sleep.

But the real Clincher: Evn guarantees a 30-day satisfaction that says you will get your money back if its products do not help your illness. So there is little reason not to give a shot to the brand trusted by athletes and everyday boys.

Here is our top pick.

Jar with cocoa-like powder which is called slip powder
Photo courtesy

For sleep: Evn slip powder

As much as we have little research on CBD, we are confident enough that it can help with sleep problems: those who had early sleep problems when they took CBD a month before bedtime, about 67 percent began to get a good night’s rest, a big 2019 report . Study in Perm Diary. Other studies show that CBD can even help people with sleep apnea and insomnia.

Evn’s Sleep Powder offers 20mg full-spectrum CBD per serving, which allows for an anthocyan effect where terpenes and other cannabinoids can work together to increase the potency of CBD.

But what makes this powder really strong is that, in addition to cannabinoids, this product is enhanced by a blend of vitamins and minerals that are supported by science that help you fall asleep faster or sleep longer, including magnesium, passion flower, L. -Thenine and melatonin.

The powder has a nice, slightly sweet vanilla-cocoa flavor that blends well with warm milk or the “milk” alternative – a night drink that will give you uninterrupted rest for tomorrow’s adventure.

[$60; evn-cbd.com]

Use coupon code SAVE20 for 20% discount

Take it

Orange capsules are spread on the side of the bottle with white and yellow labels
Photo courtesy

For pain: Evn CBD Curcumin Capsules

You’ve probably heard of CBD’s psychoactive brother, THC, a great remedy for pain, but you don’t really need the mind-altering effects to get relief: a 2016 study European Journal of Pain Topical CBD has helped relieve pain and inflammation in rats without any side effects, and in 2019, 79 percent of people Perm Diary Studies have shown that nocturnal CBD helps improve their anxiety and sleep.

Evn’s CBD Curcumin Capsules are ideal for relieving pain, in addition to the 25mg high-quality CBD, each capsule contains 10mg Curcumin. The bright yellow chemical of turmeric, curcumin helps reduce inflammation, theoretically relieves pain.

Packed with that extra punch and all-natural relief, these capsules are ideal for holding hands whether you’re looking to soothe sore joints after a long day at work or a muscle day after a big day in the mountains.

[$80; evn-cbd.com]

Use coupon code SAVE20 for 20% discount

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Salvage the CBD in the jar with the box above
Photo courtesy

For Athletic Recovery: Evn CBD Salvage

Now, CBD for Athletic Recovery is a field we don’t have a ton of human research to support, but it’s a common recovery tool we’ve heard athletes swear by. And some animal studies report that topical creams with pure CBD can be both anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving.

For the purpose of rubbing the skin after a heavy lifting day or long run, Evan’s CBD Solve provides 500 mg of broad-spectrum CBD per jar to help soothe tired muscles. The formula is developed by eucalyptus and lavender oils, a favorite of world-class athletes and weekend fighters. Not only do these medicinal plants help you to relax, but they also help to soothe balm odors by rubbing against sore muscles. The base of the salve is wax and MCT oil, which is easy on highly hydrating and sensitive skin, so it will agree with most.

[$55; evn-cbd.com]

Use coupon code SAVE20 for 20% discount

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Leaning dropper on tincture bottles with white and yellow labels
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If you regularly feel anxious or stressed, we cannot recommend more than CBD. Studies show that small doses of cannabinoids can help with a range of anxiety-related disorders. Even the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) has reported that rats given CBD reduce anxiety and lower heart rate. In particular, CBD can help offset those deep night, anxiety-induced, wide-awake feelings – which most of us know very well.

For stress and anxiety, we prefer Evan’s Pure CBD formulas, which provide a super clean cannabinoid from organic, small-farm flax plants without any herbs or minerals to enhance the effect. For this, Evn we have two products of choice.

White and orange labeled bottles of colorful glue bears are flying around
Photo courtesy

CBD Glue Beers are ideal if you want a smaller, more controlled dose. You can find out exactly how much CBD you are getting with each glue (10mg) and you can adjust your dose more or less according to how you feel one by one. It will take longer to enter (your body needs to digest it), but it is often more subtle and stable.

[$35; evn-cbd.com]

Use coupon code SAVE20 for 20% discount

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Meanwhile, tinctures are more versatile as your levels of stress and anxiety range from day to day. These are also ideal if you need relief for a quick kick. Evn’s tinctures are made with broad-spectrum CBD, which means it has no traces of THC but benefits other plant compounds.

A complete dropper of Evn’s CBD oil will provide 50mg of natural stress relief. This means that if you need a little help stopping the feeling of heart-racing, you can play with a quarter or a half dropper; Then, on those days when you are looking for a serious peace – say, after a meeting or a long trip – you can get more milligrams of relief without eating a bunch of capsules or gummy bears.

[$100; evn-cbd.com]

Use coupon code SAVE20 for 20% discount

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Why Kidney Fails? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Kidney Failure

Do you know why a kidney fails?  Here are the causes, symptoms and treatment options

Kidney is an important part of human body. Common kidney problems include urinary incontinence, fluid retention and fatigue which can be easily treated with medication but proper treatment is required for chronic kidney disease. Many people ignore the early signs of kidney problems which can lead to kidney failure! Sadly, people don’t know much about kidney failure or chronic kidney disease. Through this article, we have come up with all the necessary information regarding kidney failure.

Kidney failure?

According to Dr. Dilip M Babu, Consultant Nephrologist, Yashoda Hospital Hyderabad, Kidneys fail when they stop working or do not perform the prescribed functions like removing blood filters and waste products, excess salt and urine from the body. Kidney failure is a gradual process that occurs over time. Your kidneys gradually lose the ability to filter blood and remove waste from the body.

The two main causes of kidney failure are hypertension (hypertension) and diabetes. If you have both, you are at high risk for chronic kidney disease.

What are the symptoms of CKD?

In common usage, kidney failure is also called chronic kidney disease. Talking about the symptoms of kidney failure, the doctor shared that there are no symptoms of kidney failure in the early stages. When the condition worsens, a person may experience these problems:

  • Swelling of the feet, ankles and ankles
  • Frequent high blood pressure
  • Weak bones or bone loss
  • Low hemoglobin levels
  • Extreme fatigue or exhaustion
Kidney failure

How to protect the kidneys from kidney failure?

If you have chronic kidney disease, you must take the following steps to protect your kidneys from failure:

  • Blood Pressure Control – Since high blood pressure is a risk factor for kidney failure, take your BP and other medications every day, if your doctor prescribes them.
  • Blood Sugar Control – If you have diabetes, it is important to keep your blood sugar under strict control.
  • Change your diet, if your doctor says you should
  • Quit smoking, if you smoke
  • Lose weight, if you are overweight

Avoid drugs known as “nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs” or NSAIDs. Consult your doctor or kidney specialist before starting any new medication এমনকি even over-the-counter medications.

What is the treatment for CKD?

People with early-stage CKD may take medication to prevent the disease from getting worse. But what happens if the kidneys stop working completely?

Kidney failure

If your kidneys stop working completely, you can choose between 3 different treatments to get your kidneys working.

# 1 Kidney transplant

You can have kidney transplant surgery which is the best option available. That way, the new kidney can work on your own. If you have a kidney transplant, you will need to take lifelong medication to protect your body from adverse reactions to the new kidney. You only need one kidney to survive.

# 2 Hemodialysis

You can filter your blood by a machine. This treatment is called hemodialysis but many call it just dialysis. If you choose this method, you will need to be connected to the machine at least 3 times a week for a few hours for the rest of your life. Before you begin, you will need to have surgery to prepare a blood vessel for attachment to a machine called an AV fistula.

Kidney failure

# 3 Peritoneal dialysis

You can learn to use a special fluid that has to be piped in and out of your stomach every day. This treatment is called peritoneal dialysis. If you choose this type of dialysis, you will need surgery to insert a tube into your abdomen. Then you have to learn how to pipe the liquid through that tube and get inside.

Is it possible to treat kidney failure without dialysis?

Stage 5 Kidney failure will require lifelong dialysis or kidney transplantation. Of these two options, a kidney transplant is the best treatment available because patients will have better survival and quality of life after a kidney transplant.

How to treat kidney failure at different stages?

There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. The initial four stages are administered with auxiliary drugs such as medication to control blood pressure and blood sugar. Management of kidney failure includes treatment of the underlying causes of kidney dysfunction and preventing or slowing the progression of kidney disease. Other medications used to treat complications of kidney failure include water and electrolyte imbalance disorders, such as excess water, high potassium, metabolic acidosis and excess phosphorus, as well as medications for symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and bone disease.

Conclusion

You and your doctor need to work together to find the right treatment for you. Kidney transplant surgery is usually the best option for most people. But often if no kidney is available for transplant then you can register in the organ donation life program.

Image Credit – Fripic

World Health Day 2022: Expert Advice on Coping with Environmental Impacts

World Health Day 2022: How can the environment affect our health?  Here are the expert tips to deal with it

The world is moving towards a chronic disease epidemic. Today more and more people are suffering from one or more chronic illnesses. Heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung disease are responsible for the main understanding of chronic disease. Early causes of these diseases include physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, alcohol consumption and tobacco use. We all know that ‘prevention is better than cure’ – so it is important to develop a healthy lifestyle early in life to prevent the development of chronic diseases. However, there are some unavoidable environmental factors that can affect our health.

World Health Day is marked on April 7 each year to raise awareness of a specific health issue of global concern. The theme for World Health Day 2022 is ‘Our planet, our health’. Also, Onlymyhealth has launched a ‘Focus of the Month’ campaign, where we will feature stories each month with many expert insights on a variety of topics. And, this month’s focus is on ‘healthy living’. So, the editorial team talked to two experts, Shimi Sundaran, MD. (Biochemistry), Head – Research and Development and Academic CellAnd Dr. Srikanth HS, Senior Naturopath, Jindal Naturecure Institute, Learn about the impact of environmental factors on overall health and well-being and some ways to deal with it.

How does the environment cause chronic diseases?

Our planet is our home, the place that sustains us, but are we living in harmony with nature? Due to increasing carbon emissions, deforestation and land degradation, ethnographic activity is having a detrimental effect on our ecosystem and ecological biodiversity. Negative trends in biodiversity and ecosystem conservation indicate that we need to do more.

Also read: Learn about the effects of air pollution on human health and the environment

Now, for those who already have a chronic disease, it is important to control them and learn to live with them. Chronic condition management is a major challenge for healthcare systems around the world. Patients with chronic illness have a variety of non-specific symptoms such as pain, fatigue, sleep disturbances and mood disorders and specific symptoms of their illness. These indefinite symptoms lead to stress over a period of time and cause frustration, anger, frustration and occasional depression. Therefore, it is important to treat chronic diseases in a multifaceted manner – patient education, symptom control through treatment, regular follow-up for disease monitoring, diagnostic screening for any complications, medications to reduce the progression of the disease, diet management, stressful strategies like meditation. Regular blood tests to track physical activity and disease control.

Ways to deal with the effects of the environment on health

Some healthy lifestyle choices to implement include:

1. Regular exercise

Exercise helps secrete endorphins – feel good hormones. Regular physical activity helps to achieve ideal body weight and prevent cardiovascular risk.

2. Healthy balanced diet

To include more vegetables and fruits in the diet as it is rich in vitamins and fiber, avoid sugary and processed foods, drink plenty of water and choose healthy fats.

3. Good sleep routine

The quality of sleep is more important than the amount of sleep. The body needs about 8 hours of peaceful sleep on average.

4. Reduce stress

Stress is a part of everyone’s life but learning to deal with it is important. Meditation, listening to music, reading books, pursuing hobbies, playing sports help to control stress levels.

5. Quit smoking

Smoking is responsible for many respiratory ailments like bronchitis, chronic obstructive lung disease, and lung cancer.

Also read: World Health Day 2022: Environmental factors and their impact on bone health

6. Limit alcohol intake

Long-term alcohol use can cause persistent mood swings, sleep disorders, memory and concentration problems, alcoholic liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.

7. Invest time and money for health

One should take health as a priority and focus on every aspect of health: physical, mental, social, spiritual and intellectual.

8. Get regular health check up

It is important to screen yourself for various diseases such as. Annual blood glucose tests to check for diabetes, Pap smears to screen women for cervical cancer, etc.

Here are a few more tips to deal with:

  • Recycling is an effective way to save resources and reduce carbon footprint
  • Buying local products and products is a great way to reduce the carbon footprint, as the products do not have to travel long distances and consume more fuel for transportation.
  • Instead of trashing everything, separate plastic, paper and metal waste and store it in a recycling bin.
  • Water conservation is crucial for freshwater ecosystems. By doing simple things like taking small baths, avoiding washing small clothes and turning off your faucet while brushing, one can save a gallon of water.
  • Similarly recycling of unwanted paper will reduce the demand for raw materials for paper production, thus preserving the ecosystem of trees and forests.
  • It is equally important to minimize the use of plastic in reusable bags when shopping, discard single-use water bottles, bags and straw, and avoid plastic-made or packaged products whenever possible.
  • People should focus on living a fulfilling life by buying only what they need as it can reduce the amount of waste generated and thus reduce pollution. Since natural resources are limited, our overuse can be counterproductive and damage the biodiversity of our planet.

All image credits: Freepick

Skull fracture | Because type symptoms

Skull fractures: Find out the types, causes and symptoms of this head injury

Any type of fracture can be very serious as it can also affect your internal organs. The most common type of fracture in humans is usually in the limbs. But sometimes things can get worse or get out of hand if the injury affects your head. Skull fracture is what we are talking about here. It can have an adverse effect on your brain and can lead to brain disorders, bleeding and what not. The skull is one of the strongest bones in our body, and a fracture of the head can have a devastating effect. Learn more about our skull fractures and how it can affect your health.

The skull cracked

We talked Dr. Ankush Mehta, Senior Neurologist and Head, BNK Hospital, Bangalore to help us understand the problems related to skull fractures. Skull fracture is any fracture of the cranial bone, also called skull. A skull fracture can only be caused by a very strong impact that can break your skull bones. People with scalp fractures seem to find it very difficult to recover because it affects the number of functions of their brain and body. Fractures of the skull can even lead to paralysis in some cases. Multiple types of skull fractures can occur depending on the area of ​​impact.

Skull_ broken

Signs of a skull fracture

Although a skull fracture does not require a separate symptom, it can cause severe pain in the head itself. However, in order not to be mistaken for a head injury, here are the symptoms that you should be aware of-

  • Mouth sores
  • Bleeding from your nostrils or ears or both
  • Swelling and tenderness around the affected area
  • Redness and warmth at the trauma site
  • Acute pain in the area of ​​impact on the scalp
  • Bleeding from traumatic wounds, including the eyes, ears, and nose.

Also read- World Health Day 2022: Environmental factors and its impact on bone health

Types of skull fractures

The type of skull fracture depends entirely on the strength of the injury. The position of the impact on the skull and the shape of the object can also enter your head. If there is a dotted object that causes your skull to rupture, it could cause a serious head injury. Here are the following types of skull fractures-

1. Closed fracture

It is also called common fracture. In this type of fracture, the skin covering the fracture area is not broken or cracked. You may have severe pain but the intensity is low and people are often able to recover.

2. Open fracture

This is where complications begin to occur, with open fractures also known as compound fractures. This type of skin is damaged or broken which causes the bones to start coming out. The skull bones are visible and it becomes somewhat difficult to recover and takes a long time.

3. Basal fracture

As the name implies, such fractures occur on the floor or base of the skull. It is the area around the eyes, the nose or the upper part of the neck near the spine. Basal fractures can cause major injuries to other nearby organs and nerves.

Symptoms_basal_fracture

4. Cracks in other skulls

Two more types of fractures can occur, one linear and the other communicative. Linear is when the skull fracture occurs in a straight line and is communicated when it is divided into three or more sections or areas.

Read also – World Health Day 2022: How to take care of your cardiovascular health?

What is the cause of skull fracture?

As the doctor has already said, a very strong effect is needed to break the skull bones. So the causes of skull fractures are usually very frustrating and influential. This could be due to the following reasons-

  • Hitting with hard objects like bats, hammers, rocks or other objects
  • Falling and hitting the ground with your head
  • Due to an accident or the impact of an accident
  • Hit by a vehicle, object or train while walking
  • Being in a physical attack or abuse
  • A sports injury is durable

Picture Credit – pixabay, com

Heart disease Prevention Tips Diet Risks | World Health Day

World Health Day 2022: How to take care of your cardiovascular health?

Your heart is set to be the center of your health. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in India. People in our country are already 3-4 times more at risk of heart disease than in western countries. There may be different types of heart disease in your body. As OnlyMyHealth celebrates World Health Day 2022 and seeks to raise awareness of issues that may affect your health, it is imperative to talk about heart health. We conducted a live session to answer all your questions about heart health.

Why is heart health important?

This is the most important question that needs to be answered before moving on to other questions about the heart. We spoke in an exclusive interview Dr. Sanjay Mittal, Senior Director – Clinical and Preventive Cardiology, Heart Institute, Medanta Hospital, Gurugram. He told us that it is important to talk about heart disease right now because the incidence of heart disease has been increasing by 20 to 25% in the last few years. People in rural areas in particular are suffering from rapid heart attacks. This is mainly due to nutritious food and following human routine. There are also many misconceptions about heart health terms such as heart attack, heart failure and cardiac arrest.

Risk of heart disease in young people

According to Dr. Mittal, Indian youth are suffering from heart disease at a very young age. Already, heart disease in people in India often occurs at a young age. Some teens develop heart disease and strokes under the age of 30. It is amazing and frightening because it affects the whole generation.

Risk_heart_failure

A big reason for the increased risk of heart disease in young people is the eating habits and daily routines that they follow. The increase in desk jobs and odd working hours makes it difficult for them to exercise and eat nutritious food at the same time. It is also rich in Indian food. Unhealthy food items that can pose a threat to health at a very young age.

Genetics also plays a big role in this. Most people in India suffer from heart attack at an early age because of their family history. There is also a genetic condition that causes our nerves and bodies to accumulate fat earlier than other aborigines. It can be reduced by taking care of the body from childhood.

Also read- World Health Day 2022: Environmental factors and its impact on bone health

The cause of heart attack

  • Increases the rate of body fat accumulation
  • Lack of practice
  • Work stress and sedentary lifestyle
  • Pseudo vegetarianism means vegetarian food but with ingredients that harm your body
  • Increased use of carbohydrates in the diet
  • The amount of sweets eaten is high
  • Smoking and tobacco use.

Diet and cardiovascular health

Diet provides fuel to your body. Like fuel, you only need to consume the number of calories needed to function. If it does not, it can accumulate in your body as fat. This accumulation of fat increases the risk of heart attack. Talking to us, Dr. Mittal also told us about bad eating habits which increase the risk of heart attack and failure.

Although the majority of the Indian population is vegetarian, the food we eat is not healthy. In Indian families, there is a wide variety of foods that are fried. These foods contain a lot of calories and carbohydrates that are not eaten by your digestive system and eventually accumulate in the nerves. Samosa, Pakora, Finger Chips, Bread Pakora, Puri etc are actually worse than eating junk food. Many foods also contain trans-fats which are extremely risky for heart attack.

Tips to keep your heart healthy

1. Exercise moderately

Physicians recommend regular moderate exercise to reduce the risk of heart disease. Doing unfamiliar exercises can actually put you at risk for heart attack. Therefore, it is important that you take in the amount of calories you have consumed. Walking, cycling, swimming and such activities can be beneficial in reducing the risk of heart disease.

Exercise

2. Quit smoking

Tobacco use is a very serious problem in India. Quitting any type of tobacco greatly reduces the risk of heart failure. Tobacco use, especially in rural areas, is the leading cause of death. Many suffer from cardiac arrest due to heavy smoking in their daily routine.

3. Get regular health checkups

Go for regular health checkups to prevent diseases from affecting you. Also, if you find any signs of heart disease or heart failure, it is best to consult a doctor as soon as possible. If you have pain while walking or doing any work and it goes away when you rest, it is a sign of cardiovascular disease.

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4. Eat healthy, avoid sugar

A healthy heart also requires a healthy diet, complete with fruits, whole grains, vegetables and lentils. Eating a healthy diet can improve your blood pressure and cholesterol levels which can help reduce your risk of heart disease. Don’t try to get cholesterol out of the diet but reduce the calories. Try to avoid sweets or any kind of sweets added to your daily routine.

5. Maintain a healthy weight

Many people think that being overweight does not harm your health. In fact, obesity is a major cause of heart disease and cardiovascular health problems. Go for regular exercise, eat healthy food and do not consume too much sugar or empty calories. Try to lose your weight and maintain a healthy body weight that prevents you from cardiovascular disease.

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Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

    Find out the risk factors for type 2 diabetes from a specialist

Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which our body has problems controlling and using glucose. It is a chronic disease that can cause excessive blood sugar to circulate. Gradually, high blood sugar levels can cause problems with blood circulation, nerves and the immune system. Type 2 diabetes is commonly known as onset diabetes in adults, but type 1 and type 2 diabetes can start in both childhood and adulthood. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but weight loss, healthy eating and regular exercise can help you manage the symptoms.

Onlymyhealth has a ‘started’The focus of the month’s campaign, So that every month we will highlight stories with insights from various subject matter experts And, this month’s focus will be on ‘healthy living’. Diabetes is a chronic condition that people have been battling for years and it is important to manage it for a healthy lifestyle. So, to cover it under this month’s focus, our team has spoken Dr. Priyamvada Tyagi, Consultant – Endocrinologist, Endocrinology & Diabetes, Max Hospital, Patparganj, Learn about the risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes

The signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes usually start to show slowly and gradually. In addition, you may have been living with type 2 diabetes for years and may not even be aware of it. According to Dr. Priyambad, here are the main risk factors for type 2 diabetes:

1. Obesity

Being overweight or obese is one of the major risks of diabetes. But, it is a variable factor like other unchangeable factors like family history. Obesity is a major risk factor for type 2 diabetes and research suggests that most people develop this chronic disease for this reason alone. It is important to control your weight to reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes.

Also read: What is type 3 diabetes? Causes and symptoms of managing the condition well

2. Family history

If your parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes, the risk of type 2 diabetes is also higher. This is an irreversible factor. People with three or more diabetic relatives who have no family history are about 15 times more likely to develop diabetes.

3. Inactivity

Inactivity is a major cause of obesity, so it can put you at risk for type 2 diabetes. The less active you are, the higher your risk. Physical activity plays a key role in optimal weight management, using glucose levels as energy and even making your cells more sensitive to insulin.

4. Smoking

Smokers are 30-40 percent more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than non-smokers. Smoking can even make it more difficult to control the symptoms and control insulin levels due to the high levels of nicotine. This can reduce the effectiveness of insulin, which is why heavy smokers need more insulin to control their blood sugar levels.

5. Age

As you grow older, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases, especially after the age of 45. People of this age or older should take the necessary steps to prevent this health condition, such as daily, light to moderate exercise and a healthy, balanced diet.

6. Risks related to pregnancy

The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is higher if you get gestational diabetes during pregnancy or if you give birth to a baby weighing more than 4 kg. After your baby is born, your blood sugar levels return to normal. However, in some women, it can lead to the development of type 2 diabetes.

Also read: Diabetic Kidney Disease: Learn the Symptoms, Causes, Risks and Prevention Tips to Avoid Complications

7. PCOS

Having polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or PCOD is also associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. PCOS is a common condition where women suffer from irregular menstruation, excessive hair growth and obesity and these are rare causes that increase the risk of diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes affects many important organs including your heart, blood vessels, eyes, nerves and kidneys. In fact, factors that may increase your risk of diabetes may increase your chances of developing other serious chronic conditions. Managing diabetes and stabilizing your blood sugar levels can reduce the risk of these complications or existing health conditions.

Does the environment affect our bone health? Learn how to deal with it

World Health Day 2022: Environmental factors and their impact on bone health

Bone is one of the most important organs in the body which is responsible not only for providing a structure, but also for protecting all the vital organs. But what if bone density continues to decline due to pollution and climate change? It is an undeniable fact that a number of health problems are on the rise due to contaminants which are having adverse effects on the body. According to a study by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), relentless exposure to contaminants, especially air pollution, can damage bone health, affecting overall bone density leading to osteoporosis and other major bone diseases.

World Health Day is celebrated on April 7 every year to raise awareness about a specific health issue of global concern. This time the theme is ‘Our planet, our healthIn fact, Onlymyhealth has launched a ‘Focus of the Month’ campaign, where we will be sharing stories with insights from many experts on a variety of topics each month. And, this month’s focus will be on ‘healthy living’. With World Health Day 2022 Near the corner, we talked Dr. Bishwa Goel, Consultant Orthopedics and Joint Replacement Surgery, Manipal Hospital, Patiala, Learn about the effects of environmental factors on bone health and how to deal with it.

Effects of environmental factors on bone health

Osteoporosis is a serious condition in which bone density and quality decrease. Over time, this disease causes the bones to become brittle and brittle. As a result, a person with this dangerous disease experiences fractures easily and persistently. Globally, the disease is largely responsible for other diseases and its outbreak is expected to increase due to increased pollution. Since several studies have suggested that our environment plays a major role in the development of bone formation, osteoporosis develops in people who are constantly exposed to certain toxins in the environment.

Also read: What we need to know about our bone health during this epidemic

The skull, teeth and internal bones may be less durable if a person is constantly exposed to this toxin. Since air pollution is associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, experts suggest that the severity and progression of osteoporosis is directly linked to inflammation induced by air pollutants such as particles. These toxins can come from natural sources such as water minerals or air molecules. In other cases, certain toxins are produced through human origin, from the manufacture and use of products.

How to strengthen bones?

Although it is completely impossible to avoid the risk of osteoporosis because the contamination is constantly increasing and other physical factors also affect the bones. However, through certain lifestyle habits and eating habits, it is possible to improve overall bone health and reduce the risk of this complex condition. According to Dr. World, these include:

1. Increase physical activity

It has been found that people who lead sedentary lives have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Increased physical activity not only helps reduce risk factors, but also helps reduce weight which can reduce stress on the bones.

2. Calcium rich food

It is important to include calcium as part of your daily diet. Calcium plays a major role in promoting bone health. It is therefore advisable to include green leafy vegetables and dairy foods in your daily diet.

Also read: How has the Kovid epidemic affected the bone health of school children? Learn how to deal with an expert

3. Avoid exposure to air pollutants

Since contamination increases the risk of developing this condition, it is also recommended to avoid exposure to internal and external contaminants that can damage the lungs. One must install an air purifier to get rid of indoor smoke that may contain toxins that affect bones. At the same time it is always advisable to wear a mask before leaving the house.