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Month: April 2022

Light sensitivity | Symptoms cause type

What is light sensitivity?  Learn the symptoms, causes and types

Summer is coming and getting out in the sun is becoming more difficult. Whenever we go out in the bright sunlight, our skin gets sunburn. This is due to the extreme heat and sensitivity to photogenic cells. Prolonged exposure to sunlight can sometimes lead to more problematic situations, such as photosensitivity. The risk of light sensitivity is much higher due to the ultraviolet rays emitted from the sun. Exposure to these UV rays can even cause skin damage and skin cancer in some cases. The situation can be a difficult one to deal with and so we are here to help you reduce the risk. Today we will learn about photosensitivity and the types of symptoms that can determine if you have photosensitivity.

What is light sensitivity?

We spoke with Dr. Anusha Goel, a consultant and dermatologist at Ivory Hospital in Greater Noida. He explained that light sensitivity is an extreme sunburn that can cause deep damage to the skin. Exposure to ultraviolet rays in skin cells which causes burns and rashes on the body. There are many types of light sensitivity depending on the type of exposure and response of the body. Those who are sensitive to skin rashes can actually have a lasting effect on their body.

Photo_sensitivity

Types of photo sensitivity

There are two main types of photosensitive reactions that occur due to the sun-

1. Phototoxic reactions

This reaction occurs in situations where the body is exposed to UV rays. This interaction involves the reaction of UV rays with a new chemical that causes skin problems. Drugs like doxycycline and tetracycline can cause those chemical and reaction problems. It may look like a skin rash which is actually a skin rash that develops after 24 hours of exposure.

Also Read – Skincare Hacks: 3 Tips To Maintain Skin pH Balance

2. Photoallergic reactions

Photoallergic reaction comes as a side effect of a drug or chemical. This type of reaction is more common in women than in men because it is caused by beauty products and sunscreen. This reaction from the sun to the skin is seen a few days after coming in contact with the sun. It occurs in the form of rashes on different parts of the body. In most cases it is on the hands, face, back or legs.

What are the symptoms of light sensitivity?

You may have symptoms of light sensitivity that depend on each person. Some of the symptoms of photosensitivity may be-

  • Red rash on the skin
  • Sunburn
  • Itching in certain areas of exposure
  • Blisters
  • Peeling of the skin

Even these symptoms can affect your skin from mild to severe. This means that rashes or burns can be very uncomfortable and can even interfere with the performance of daily activities.

Sunburn

What causes photo sensitivity?

1. Lupus erythematosus- Lupus is a connective tissue disease that can adversely affect your skin. Skin problems that can be caused by red spots, lumps and purple spots.

2. Explosion of polymorphic light- People with this condition may experience itchy rashes when exposed to sunlight. If exposure to ultraviolet rays continues, tolerance increases and symptoms are less likely to occur. Women are two or three times more likely to have this condition than men. In fact, the severity of polymorphic eruptions is higher in women.

Also read: 7 Possible Side-effects of Oral Chemotherapy

3. Actinic purigo- It is also a type of photo sensitivity where people create red spots after exposure to the sun. The photosensitivity caused by this disease can actually turn red spots into fibrous patches after exposure to the sun. It can affect you in any season and it can happen if you go out in winter too.

Picture Credit- istock.com

Symptoms, causes, diagnosis, risk factors, diet and treatment

Celiac Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Risk Factors, Diet and Treatment

Do you eat foods that contain gluten? Well, be careful about what you eat and how much you eat because it can trigger certain diseases like celiac disease. Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that is triggered when you eat gluten. It is also referred to as celiac spray, nontropical spray and gluten-sensitive entropathy. Gluten is basically a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and many other grains. Gluten is responsible for making the flour elastic and also gives the bread a chewy texture. When a person with celiac disease eats something gluten-containing, their body reacts negatively to this protein and damages their villi in the small intestine. If Villi is infected, your small intestine will not be able to function properly, making it difficult to absorb nutrients from food.

Gradually, this can lead to sudden weight loss, thus malnutrition, and it weakens your bone density, and other problems such as miscarriage, infertility, neurological diseases and certain cancers. If your celiac disease does not get better within a year without gluten, it is referred to as refractory or reactive celiac disease. Celiac disease is not exactly the same as gluten intolerance and gluten sensitivity. People with gluten intolerance may avoid gluten as well as experience the same symptoms. However, they do not show any immune response in the small intestine. Onlymyhealth editorial team Dr. Radha M, Consultant Gastroenterology, spoke with Fortis Malar Hospital about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and diet of celiac disease.

Symptoms of celiac disease

Celiac disease is not like a common food allergy and the symptoms are very different. If you are allergic to wheat, eat wheat-based foods, but you will only have itchy or watery eyes and difficulty breathing. According to Dr. Radha, if you already have celiac disease or you eat gluten-containing foods, you may experience symptoms such as:

1. Diarrhea

Diarrhea is one of the most common symptoms of celiac disease. The patient feels loose watery stools. However, it should be noted that various other causes can also cause diarrhea. If diarrhea is prolonged, one must see a doctor for proper diagnosis.

2. Weight loss

In some cases, weight loss is caused by chronic diarrhea because the gut is not able to absorb all the nutrients. Weight loss will be followed by fatigue and constant tiredness. A gluten free diet can help a person gain weight.

3. Nausea

Nausea is often felt as a symptom of celiac disease. This may be due to excess gas being produced in our body. In some cases of celiac disease, the patient may also feel the urge to vomit.

4. Fatigue

Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms of celiac disease. This is due to a decrease in energy levels as the small intestine cannot absorb essential minerals from food. You can get rid of this symptom by eating a healthy diet.

Also read: Celiac disease affects 7 million Indians

5. Constipation

Celiac disease causes both diarrhea and constipation. Gluten free diet cuts a lot of fiber from our diet. And because of the inflammation, the intestinal villi absorb excess moisture from our stool, thus leading to constipation.

6. Abdominal pain

Abdominal pain is usually accompanied by diarrhea or gas. Both can cause severe abdominal pain. The pain is usually caused by inflammation of the intestines in celiac disease because our own immune system attacks the intestines.

Some other rare signs and symptoms of celiac disease include:

  • Anemia
  • Decreased bone density
  • Pain in the joints
  • Headache
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Heartburn
  • Skin rash

The cause of celiac disease

Your genes combine with gluten-free foods and there may be other causes behind celiac disease, but the exact cause is still unknown. In addition, baby feeding methods, gastrointestinal infections and intestinal infections can have a negative impact on your health and trigger the disease. Occasionally, celiac disease can trigger surgery, pregnancy, childbirth, viral infections, and even severe stress or anxiety.

Gluten

There is no definitive evidence or research on the exact cause of celiac disease. When the body’s immune system responds to gluten present in food, the reaction damages the lining of the small intestine. Villi contribute to the absorption of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients from the food you eat. If your villi are damaged, you will not be able to get adequate nutrition even if you eat a good amount of food. And, according to Dr. Radha, the risk factors for celiac disease are:

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Family history
  • Edison’s disease
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease
  • Down syndrome
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Annoying stomach problems
  • Bowel cancer

Diagnosis of celiac disease

Not everyone with celiac disease will have the symptoms listed above. Some people may not even notice any symptoms, which can make the diagnosis very difficult. Many people with celiac disease do not know that they actually have the disease. There are blood tests that can help make an accurate diagnosis, which is basically serology testing and genetic testing. It is important to get tested for celiac disease before going on a gluten-free diet. Limiting gluten from your diet can make your blood results look normal, even if it is not. If the results of this test indicate celiac disease, your doctor will perform an endoscopy. If your doctor finds out that you already have dermatitis herpetiformis, the specialist may take a small sample of skin tissue to examine under a microscope and perform a skin biopsy.

Treatment of celiac disease

A strict and gluten-free diet is the only best way to prevent and treat celiac disease. Removing gluten from your diet will gradually reduce the inflammation of your small intestine, make you feel better and eventually recover. Children tend to heal faster than adults. If your small intestine is severely damaged or you have debilitating celiac disease, your doctor may recommend that you take medication to manage the inflammation. Thus, your diet plays a big role in the treatment of this disease. According to Dr. Radha, the foods that these patients should eat and avoid are:

To eat:

  • Eggs
  • Fruit
  • Lentils
  • Nuts
  • Vegetables
  • Corn
  • Quinoa
  • Meat and poultry
  • Fish

To avoid:

  • Barley
  • Rye
  • Graham flour
  • Dasf
  • Condition
  • Wheat
  • Spell
  • Serial
  • Wheat starch

Therefore, these were the symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment of celiac disease. Celiac disease can be worse if you ignore it and do not treat it. It can cause other complications such as cancer, malnutrition, pancreatic disease, infertility and even weak bones. All you can do to treat this condition is to change your diet. It is important to check their labels before eating packaged foods. Common products such as toothpaste may also contain gluten. You can talk to your dietitian about your diet schedule to prevent and treat this disease.

Read more articles on other diseases

Hungry ketoacidosis Symptoms are the cause of risk factors

Hungry ketoacidosis: Know the symptoms, causes and risk factors

There are many people who do not eat because they want to fast or lose weight. It is a myth that you can get fit if you are hungry. You cannot lose weight in one day and so you need some fruits and vegetables which can help you to lose weight. If you do not eat any food you can get sick and your body can be deficient in many minerals and vitamins. Being hungry can increase your body’s risk of infection. This happens because your immune system weakens and your muscles start to deteriorate. Hungry ketosis is a process of excessive fasting. In this process fatty acids are replaced by glucose as the primary source of fuel in the body. Let’s find out what is the effect of hungry ketosis on your body.

What is hungry ketoacidosis?

We spoke to dietitian Mrs. Chanda Verma to understand the metabolic state of this process. He said that ketoacidosis is a metabolic condition associated with high levels of ketones in the blood. Ketones are responsible for breaking down fatty acids for energy use. This is usually done when there are no or few carbohydrates. Hunger ketoacidosis occurs when the body does not get enough glucose as its primary source of energy. People fall for this condition for the following reasons-

  • Economic reasons
  • Types of eating disorders
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Cancer

Starvation_ketosis_graph

There is also a condition of mild ptosis that occurs in more people than this normal condition. Mild ketosis means the body uses fat as a source of energy which occurs in a fast time of about 12 to 14 hours. Hungry ketoacidosis occurs when ketones clot and become acidic in the blood. It can even start to break your muscles because it requires fat. It leads to the release of amino acids and lactate in a person’s blood. As a result, the liver then breaks it down into sugars for use as fuel.

Signs and symptoms of ketoacidosis

You should be aware of the following symptoms that may put you at risk of starvation ketoacidosis. It may include:

  • Lower muscle mass
  • Minimal body fat
  • Low pulse rate
  • Tooth decay
  • Thin and dry hair
  • Low blood pressure
  • Explicit bone characteristic

Read more- Why is pet dog good for health?

Ketoacidosis due to starvation is a very rare problem and most people do not go to such extremes during fasting. But according to a 2020 case report, some people have experienced mental health problems after ketoacidosis. Therefore, if the disease is not treated in time, further complications may occur.

Probable cause of starvation ketoacidosis

There are several possible causes of ketoacidosis due to starvation. If you have any of these disorders, try to be very careful-

  • Malnutrition
  • Gastric banding
  • Eating Disorders
  • Staying on a ketogenic diet, especially those who do it on a continuous fast

Weakness_ hungry

Starvation is a risk factor for ketoacidosis

Since most people have some access to food, they are less likely to develop ketoacidosis. However, those who follow a continuous fast and follow a very strict diet routine may have this problem. There are certain diets such as the Keto diet that should be followed very carefully and with the advice of expert nutritionists. In addition to food and fasting, there are some factors that can increase the risk of ketoacidosis due to starvation.

Also read: Platelet Deficiency: Signs and Causes of Adverse Resistance

  • Having difficulty swallowing even after surgery
  • Surgery after radiation therapy
  • Underlying conditions and diseases that can cause malnutrition
  • Fasting for a long time without adequate nutrition

Picture Credit- shutterstock.com

Platelet Deficiency Meaning | The cause of thrombocytopenia symptoms

Platelet Deficiency: Symptoms and Causes of Adverse Prevention

If you are injured and have some kind of problem in your body then it means there are some problems in blood and platelet count. Platelets are fragments of very large cells in the bone marrow called megakaryocytes. When you get an injury or wound they help blood to clot to slow or stop the bleeding. Too much or too little platelet can cause a lot of bleeding in your body. Decreased number of platelets in the body is called platelet deficiency. It may be due to dengue, but it is not the only cause. Low platelet count is also called thrombocytopenia. If not treated in time, it can lead to serious complications and even death. Today we will learn about delayed deficit, its symptoms and causes of deficiency.

What is low platelet count?

We talked Dr. RK Agarwal, Senior Hematologist, BNK Hospital, Mumbai to find out about platelet deficiency and the reasons behind it. Doctors have explained that our blood is made up of different types of cells that float in the plasma. Plasma is a fluid that is present in the organs and protects them from internal damage. There are three types of blood cells in our body, namely-

  1. Red blood cells
  2. White blood cells
  3. Platelets

Blood_platelet

If you have an injury to your skin, your platelets will clot and clot to stop the bleeding. In case of slight splitting, see you can’t do that. This is because there are not enough cells that can coagulate. Thrombocytopenia can be caused by a variety of factors. It can vary depending on the underlying condition and can range from mild to severe. In this situation, some people do not feel any symptoms, whereas some people have severe symptoms and complications.

Also read: 7 Possible Side-effects of Oral Chemotherapy

Symptoms of platelet deficiency

Here are some of the symptoms you may experience if you have thrombocytopenia. Has low platelet count. You may experience the following symptoms-

  • Red, purple or brown spots called purpura
  • Bleeding through the nose
  • Bleeding gums
  • Rash with small reddish purple dots
  • Bleeding from injuries recovered in the past
  • Heavy menstrual bleeding in women
  • In severe platelet deficiency, you may have the following symptoms:
  • Blood in your stool
  • Blood in the urine
  • Very strong vomiting or bloody vomiting

If you think you are experiencing internal bleeding, see your doctor as soon as possible and seek medical attention.

What causes platelet deficiency?

There can be multiple reasons for having a low platelet count. Let’s look at some common and problematic reasons-

1. Bone marrow problems

One marrow is the place where your platelets and blood components are produced. The cause of low platelet count can be determined by looking at the condition of the person’s bone marrow. The bone marrow may not be able to produce enough platelets in the following conditions-

  • Through aplastic anemia
  • Due to deficiency of vitamins like Vitamin B12, Folate and Iron
  • Due to the presence of viral infections such as HIV, rubella, chickenpox and mumps
  • Chemotherapy and radiation of toxic chemicals.
  • Excessive alcohol intake.
  • Having cirrhosis
  • Types of cancer such as leukemia and lymphoma

Difference_platelet_decrease

2. Platelet destruction

Platelets present in the human body rise to the surface in about 7 to 10 days. This is a condition where there is no evidence of platelet deficiency or thrombocytopenia. In case of low platelet count, the body destroys many platelets very quickly. Causes of destruction of platelets in the body may include-

  • Side effects of certain drugs, antibiotics, blood thinners and anti-convulsant drugs
  • Having an enlarged spleen
  • Autoimmune disorders, such as immune thrombocytopenia, lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Bacterial infections in the blood
  • In the last weeks of pregnancy before delivery
  • Platelets can be destroyed even by bypass surgery or passing machines used in blood transfusions.

Also read- Spasticity Treatment: 8 Ways to Improve Recovery

When to see a doctor?

If you experience any of the above symptoms of low platelet count, you should talk to a doctor immediately. If you experience any serious wounds or injuries that do not stop the bleeding, you should contact a doctor. Also, if you have blood in your stool and urine. It is best to have regular checkups to reduce the risk of developing thrombocytopenia.

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