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Author: Gail Hunt

Auto Brewery Syndrome | Symptoms cause complications

Auto Brewery Syndrome: Learn the symptoms, causes and complications

Did you know that you can feel dizzy and drunk without drinking alcohol? Yes, that’s right you can now become known as a Lord of the Rings. There is a condition where your gut can make its own ethanol and cause fermentation. In fact, it is a very rare disease but it can affect your body in many ways. This condition is also called intoxication and it can make you intoxicated in unusual ways. Auto Brewery Disease or Intestinal Fermentation Syndrome can cause some health problems and lifestyle challenges. Let us know about this condition and its symptoms.

What is Auto Brewery Syndrome?

Talked to Dr. Ankush Chowdhury, Senior Gastroenterologist, Vojart Healthcare Hospital, Bangalore to know more about this condition. He explained that this condition occurs when the body converts sugary and starchy foods into alcohol. Auto Brewery Syndrome can be particularly difficult to diagnose because it can be mistaken for other conditions, especially alcoholism. Auto Brewery Syndrome makes your blood alcohol level 3-4 times higher than normal which leads to serious lifestyle problems.


This syndrome has been highlighted several times in the last few years because many people who do not even drink alcohol get this disease. This can lead to a confusing and tedious medical situation that can sometimes lead to serious problems for a person. In most of these highlighted cases, some of them were even arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol.

Also read – Intestinal Health Special: Learn From Your Doctor How To Keep Your Digestive System Healthy

Symptoms of Auto Brewery Syndrome

Okay, this is a very common disease and can lead to many complications, but the symptoms can be very clear and easily experienced-

  • Feeling drunk without drinking
  • Extreme dizziness after drinking a small amount of alcohol
  • Red or flush skin
  • Dizziness
  • Disoriented
  • Headache
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Dry mouth
  • Burping or belching
  • Fatigue
  • Problems with memory and concentration
  • Mood swings or mood swings

What Causes Auto Brewery Syndrome?

In this condition, your body makes ethanol from the carbohydrates you eat. It occurs inside the intestinal tract. The cause may vary from person to person, but it is usually caused by too much yeast in the gut. Yeast is a type of fungus that can affect your gut health.

Here are some of the yeast functions that can affect Brewery Syndrome:

  1. Candida Albicans
  2. Candida globrata
  3. Toruloposis glabrata
  4. Candida Cruise
  5. Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Who can get this drunken disease?

Both adults and children can be affected by this disease. The symptoms are the same but it is especially difficult and more serious if it occurs in children. Auto Brewery Syndrome is a complication of another disease. It can also be due to some imbalance in the body or due to infection.

It is possible that you may get this syndrome because there is another congenital condition that triggers auto-brewery disease. Excessive yeast in the gut can also cause Brewery syndrome. Adults with Crohn’s disease can have this problem.

People with liver problems may also get auto-brewery syndrome. In this case, the liver is not able to clear the alcohol. Even small amounts of alcohol made from intestinal yeast can lead to autoimmune disease symptoms.

Read more – World Liver Day 2022: The Benefits and Risks of Survival-Donor Liver Transplant

In infants and young children, this can happen, as Short Bowel Syndrome is more likely to cause Auto Brewery Syndrome. There was an incident where a 3 year old girl got short bowel syndrome and would get drunk after drinking fruit juice. This is because fruit juices contain a lot of natural carbohydrates.

Other causes of this condition may include:

  • Low nutrient content
  • Antibiotics
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Diabetes
  • Low immune function or system


Complications of Auto Brewery Syndrome

In most cases, this syndrome does not cause any major complications or disorders. But it can lead to some bad health conditions like-

  • Chronic fatigue syndrome
  • Annoying stomach problems
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Fainting

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Advantages and Risks of Living-Donor Liver Transplant

World Liver Day 2022: The Benefits and Risks of a Live-Donor Liver Transplant

The rate of dead organ donation in India is very low, and lack of dead donor liver for transplantation can be a death sentence for thousands of patients waiting for that liver transplant. To meet this demand for liver transplants and increase the chances and chances of a successful liver transplant, most patients have no choice but to look for a living donor who can donate a portion of their liver to them. This is why Living Donor Transplants (LDLTs) make up about 80% of the liver transplants in India. The Onlymyhealth editorial team spoke to ORGAN India CEO Mrs. Sunaina Singh about the benefits and risks of liver transplant.

Advantages and risks of liver transplant

When considering a donation or transplant, it is best to fully understand the benefits and risks of potential donors and recipients. If we talk about the benefits to the recipients, there are three classes of patients who will benefit from the liver transplant.

1. Liver cirrhosis

First and foremost, about 80 to 90 percent of people who suffer from liver cirrhosis go through a liver transplant. Cirrhosis can come from 4 liver diseases that cause permanent damage to the liver over a period of 20 to 30 years. These are NAFLD (Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease), Alcoholic Liver Disease, Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B. Unfortunately, these are slowly progressing diseases that may initially show normal liver function.

Meeting a liver specialist and detecting them early can prevent the disease from progressing and can keep you at bay for many years. Long-term treatment of hepatitis C and B as well as fatty liver is essential. Only 5 percent of all people with cirrhosis will need a transplant, and these diseases can be controlled for years. Prevention is key.

Also read: Liver Transplant: Learn Why and How Liver Transplant Is Safe by a Living Donor, Dr. Viz Explains

2. Acute liver failure

The second is acute liver failure (ALF), which accounts for about 10 percent of liver transplants and is a disease that affects young patients who have no existing liver disease. Sudden liver failure due to hepatitis A and E or due to drug side effects. Such failures are life threatening in just a few days. Only 5 percent of patients will need a liver transplant and the diagnosis and severity of the disease is crucial for a successful transplant.

3. Liver cancer

Third-class patients who have benefited from a liver transplant are those who have been diagnosed with liver cancer. You may be surprised to know that there is a cure for liver cancer and it is a liver transplant. It is responsible for about 10 percent of liver transplants. Not everyone with liver cancer can get a transplant and there are certain criteria that must be met in order to be offered a transplant. However, once patented, it is cancer free.

In cases of acute liver failure and liver cancer, the human survival rate is a few months, but through transplant these patients can expect a normal quality of life and longevity. Transplanted children have achieved normal growth and longevity.

Risk of liver transplant

Liver transplant

A liver transplant surgery is a lengthy operation that lasts 8-12 hours and the recipient has about 10% risk. The level of risk depends on how sick they are during the transplant. Each case is different. However, it is important to remember that the risk of death due to various diseases of the liver is much higher and a successful replacement will greatly increase the life expectancy and quality of life. After the transplant, patients need lifelong immunosuppressive drugs, which will be administered by their doctors.

Also read: Liver Diseases in Children: Liver Transplant Can Save Lives, Learn Symptoms, Liver Health Care Advice

Anyone considering being a donor to their loved one must be in very good physical and mental health and meet strict medical criteria. To prepare for a liver donation, recipients may need to make some adjustments to their lifestyle. These changes include abstinence from recreational drugs, tobacco and alcohol.

The grant must be entirely voluntary, and the transplant is approved only if the donor clears the requirements, which will include an interview by a committee that will determine if they are willing and able to perform the transplant. The donor has a 6-8 hour operation. With standardization and experience, the risk is less than 0.3 percent. Piercing pain and discomfort can be controlled with medication.

Typically, a liver donor spends about seven days in hospital and will have an additional six to eight weeks to recover. Donors who come from outside the city (after being discharged from the hospital should plan to spend an additional two to three weeks in the city).

There will be scarring that will last a lifetime, but with new liver transplant techniques such as robotic and laparoscopic, not only will the scar be less, but the pain will be less. It is important to visit a good transplant center with experienced doctors. The joy of saving someone they love and care for is the greatest benefit of a living donor. Both the post-transplant donor and the recipient should take care of their health, avoid unnecessary drugs, alcohol, tobacco and maintain a very healthy diet.

Causes and treatment of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in children

Spinal cord defects in children and adolescents after epidemic: Doctors explain causes and treatment

It’s been two years since the Covid-19 hit the world, including India. At this time everyone’s normal life is turned upside down. Patients prefer video consultations with doctors in face-to-face meetings, starting from work at home, and the onset of new and / or unusual health complications, Kovid-19 has brought its unwanted development, all kinds of uncomfortable. One such rather unusual health complication is the spread of spondylolysis in children. Children and adolescents are developing serious spinal deformities due to being at home and excessive use of smartphones, tablets and laptops. This is a warning to parents who ignore the early signs of spinal problems in their children, which can lead to serious complications later on. In this paragraph, Dr. Vidyadhara S, HOD & Consultant – Spinal Surgery, Spinal Care, Manipal Hospital Old Airport Road Explains the growing number of cases of spinal defects in children and how to manage them.

Thanks to the lack of body movement due to the Covid-19 day lockdown, while everyone was sitting in their room, children and adolescents suffered from spondylolysis. At home during online classes, children sit in awkward positions. Add to this the inactivity and lack of physical activity of these children, and conditions like spondylolysis keep their heads up.

Spondylolysis vs. spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis is a spinal condition that causes severe pain. This happens when the connection to the spine is disrupted. In medical terms, spondylolysis is also called ‘purse defect’ because it affects the pars interarticularis bone which is a very small bone that joins two vertebrae. The primary cause of spondylolisthesis is the regular spinal stress or tension that we maintain for a long time without maintaining proper posture.

Also read: What are the different types of spondylitis?

Symptoms of spondylolysis

  • When spondylosis is not treated, it can lead to spondylolisthesis in the cervical spine. In contrast, spondylolisthesis not only breaks the bond between the tail of the spine and the spine but also enables the spine to slip a vertebra.
  • In other words, the vertebrae lose their instability and begin to move upwards on their own.
  • The structure of the spine is completely damaged.
  • Both medical conditions result in severe pain in the lower back and neck, as well as decreased sensation in the arms or thighs, hamstring and muscle strain in the lower back.

These symptoms of spinal cord injury require urgent treatment, especially in children. At the other end of the spectrum, people with spondylolisthesis may not even experience any symptoms. Symptoms can appear many years later. It may appear during X-ray procedures for any other disease.

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis in children

According to Dr. Vidyadhara, they saw a huge increase in the number of spondylolisthesis in children in 2022. Children with the disease have been reported to be able to walk on their own. Here are some things parents should keep in mind:

Also read: Is it possible to treat spondylosis without surgery?

Spondylolysis in children

  • Children who experience spondylolisthesis may experience complications as a result in their adult life.
  • However, pain caused by this medical condition can be effectively treated with regular therapy and medication.
  • Caution should be exercised that children with this disease should exercise moderately and not overdo it.
  • Excessive exercise can increase joint pain. Surgery can be avoided on the advice of a doctor if the condition is not too severe.

Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis can cause psychological problems in children and adolescents. This is because acute pain can cause severe stress and emotional turmoil.


Now that the Covid-19 is declining, the kids have to go out again. They have to go back to school and play. They need to exercise and build their muscle strength. This will keep medical conditions like spondylosis and spondylolisthesis at bay, helping them to lead a normal life. Parents need to be strict about their children’s sitting and standing postures to make sure their spine posture is correct. These small things can prevent big complications in the future.

Image Credit – Fripic

Zinc Supplements | How Zinc Can Reduce Allergies

Zinc and Allergies: How Can Zinc Reduce Allergies?

If you are suffering from any type of allergy, then you know about the difficulties you have to go through in your daily life to stay away from your allergens. Each person may be affected by different types of allergens that may affect your health. Allergy is basically an immune reaction against a substance that is usually harmless. It contains environmental allergens such as mold spores, or dandruff or some other allergens. Zinc has been taken in many studies and has been linked to reduce the effects or allergies or even to treat it in some situations. Let us know if zinc may be effective against some common allergies and treatment conditions.

Zinc and allergies

Zinc is a mineral that supports your immune system and metabolism. We consulted with Dr. Sumit Nigam, General Physician, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow to find out the role and effects of zinc in various allergic conditions. He said that if there is enough, the healing process goes on in the body. In addition, it helps to improve your healing process and your sense of smell or taste. Zinc can be beneficial in situations where there may be drowsiness or dry skin. People with this type of condition may try to apply zinc to their diet or use it as a supplement to treat it as an alternative remedy.

According to various studies, it has been found that zinc deficiency can increase the risk of asthma and various allergies. The risk was much higher in people with a history of any type of treatment.


Zinc and asthma

According to some pediatric reports submitted in 2016, it has been concluded that zinc supplementation provides additional benefits to the body. Standard treatment reduces the amount of asthma treatment in children. Doctors recommend that insufficient amounts of zinc in food can cause allergies which can make your symptoms worse.

The effects of supplements do not play a major role, but it has been found that zinc supplements can actually improve the condition of children and adults in a drastic way.

Read more – Defecation Reflux: Learn What It Is, Triggers, Symptoms and Types

Zinc and atopic dermatitis

When it comes to atopic dermatitis, doctors recommend that those who have atopic dermatitis have significantly lower zinc levels. Atopic dermatitis is a skin condition that can actually cause skin rashes and can be very problematic if left untreated. It is a type of eczema that is more common in children. This condition can be accompanied by asthma or hay fever. Since there is no cure for atopic dermatitis, taking zinc can protect you from this condition. But more evidence is needed to support this fact.

atopic dermatitis

How can you meet the daily needs of zinc?

Zinc requirements depend entirely on each individual, there are gender and age specifications that should be known for zinc dietary allowance treatment. Men over the age of 14 need about 11 milligrams of zinc per day. Women 19 years of age or older need about 8 mg daily.

Also read: Environmental allergies: what they are, types and symptoms

Source of zinc

Although chicken and red meat can provide most of the zinc in their body, there are carbohydrates and other information that can harm your health. Here are some foods that can increase zinc levels in your body.

  • Chicken
  • Dairy products such as milk and yogurt
  • Nuts such as cashews and nuts
  • Some breakfast cereals
  • Seafood containing shellfish, lobster, crab or oyster

If you are a vegetarian, your zinc intake may be significantly lower than others. You should consult your doctor once before taking any type of zinc supplement. It can help you in protein synthesis if you take good levels of zinc in your diet.

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Autism Spectrum Disease | Communication skills for children

5 steps to make it easier for children with autism to communicate easily

Communication is the key to expressing your feelings and living efficiently. Communication provides you with a mode of transport to convey your emotions and feelings about how you want to perceive your life. Autism is a genetic disorder that affects thousands of children worldwide each year. Most of these autistic children cannot speak properly which makes it difficult for them to adapt to the rest of the children. There are some special methods that can be used to teach and improve their communication skills. Here are 5 stages or strategies that can be applied to improve verbal communication in autistic children.

5 step communication program for autistic children

This program is designed to enable autistic children to communicate and spread powerful visual messages in such a way that it effectively interests us to understand. To find out how to make communication easier for autistic children, we spoke with Dr. Tanu Chowdhury, Clinical Psychologist, Healthcare Clinic, Lucknow.. He said that the level of performance and attention to detail may vary with each child as they get different autism symptoms and the effects on some individuals may be long lasting.


1. Brain Pillar Training

There is visual attention and memory that enables children to influence the brain and understand the world around them. The brain has 4 pillars such as visual attention, visual memory, hearing attention and hearing memory to help us connect with our sense organs. Since children are sensitive, you need to start training with basic visual exercises that help them visualize and visualize the visual skills they see. Visual skills help children to develop faster and always have this lens which can help the child to get good visual thinking skills which helps in further growth.

2. Hearing Attention and Memory Training

The two we have discussed above and the other two are hearing and memory. So visual attention and hearing help to achieve memory skills and visualization. Now hearing attention and memory training can help autistic children develop verbal approaches. For this you need to work on a neural system that wants the brain to function well. The visual system helps the brain to work faster, which in turn improves verbal communication. So the autistic child needs to learn this skill of listening attention and memory training through some memory training.

Also read – Autism in Adults: Learn the Signs and Challenges

3. Develop anchoring and input mechanism

In this step, the focus is on gaining self-control over word and communication skills. As we know autistic children have trouble controlling what they need to say. So in this schedule and routine, they need to learn about language control skills and speak effectively which was acquired from the previous training type.


Exercises are then introduced to use hearing skills and oral skills. It helps them in the next step where they learn how to read and listen attentively. Once they have done this, it is important for them to re-apply the verbs and to put together visual thinking, memory and hearing skills.

4. Develop output skills

This is the main step where the autistic child needs to communicate and talk about the input and training he has received. The focus is primarily on the more formal aspects of oral skills, both speaking and writing skills. These skills are developed at the stage where the child has to practice speaking and writing correctly without any mistakes. Grade and marking systems can also be created to improve and educate children.

Also read: Negative thinking increases the risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s

5. Transfer

Transferring skills and building self-esteem is the ultimate step in communication so that autistic children can speak as confidently and naturally as other children. It comes with lots of training on previous methods and steps. For this you need to instruct and correct them from time to time to learn about conferences, consultations and weekly classes. You can also do Skype training with professionals or people around you. The format should be strictly judged and then important for the development of access to the training material from the online library.

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Defecation Reflux | Trigger the symptom process

Defecation of the bowel: Learn what it is, triggers, symptoms and types

We think about food but we never think about how it gets out of our system, do we? Okay, it may sound awkward but defecation is an important part of body activity, such as taking food. You can call it defecation, defecation or defecation, all the same but all you need to take care of is to get rid of your body waste in the right way. The process of eliminating feces from the body can sometimes become difficult and you will have to put extra pressure to pass feces. This is not a healthy process, if it happens regularly, it could be a sign that something serious is happening to your defecation system. Today, we will learn about the reflux process of defecation and the problems that occur with it.

What is defecation?

We talked Dr. Sumit Nigam, General Physician, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow to know about the defecation process. He explained that the process of eliminating waste from the body in the form of stool is called defecation. When you sit on the toilet seat, there is a normal urge to defecate and you do not have to make any extra effort to do so. But in some cases, this does not happen naturally and when the reflex condition of the stool goes wrong. You may need to find out the cause of the bowel movements to make sure the reflexes work normally and your health is not affected.


How does bowel reflux work?

To know the problem, it is important to know about the process of natural defecation. It starts when you take a meal and it goes into your esophagus and then into the stomach. When food passes through the small intestine, there is juice that is added to it. It then travels to the large intestine and eventually to the rectum. The rectum is the destination or place where the large intestine is connected through the rectum and the process of defecation takes place.

Also read: UTI in men: Symptoms, causes and how to deal with it

Here are some steps that can be taken to trigger bowel reflux.

The muscles of the colon are compressed to move the stool towards the anus. The process is called mass movement and can cause problems with bowel reflux.

When the stool goes to the anus, the tissue present in the organ spreads. As these tissues dilate, it sends a signal to the brain.

When the two main sphincters around the anus are affected, the reflux starts and you cannot control the defecation voluntarily. This is where the external sphincter or skeletal muscle is affected and skeletal muscle takes control.

Rectal reflux occurs when the rectal inhibitory reflex does not respond properly to relaxation of the internal rectal sphincter. It occurs in response to rectal extension.

Once the defecation of defecation starts, you can either delay or defecate. Delays occur when a person does not go to the bathroom immediately. Due to the muscles present in the rectum, the stool moves backwards and so it does not happen when you try to defecate or defecate. In order to defecate properly, you need to exert extra pressure which signals the brain to move the stool forward and then out of the body.

Also read: Osteoporosis in women after menopause: What you need to know

Types of defecation

There are two types of defecation reflected in the body-

Parasympathetic defecation- This happens when the motions are the same but the urge may not be as strong.

Reflection of Menteric Defecation- This is a process when peristalsis increases and the stool goes to the anus. Eventually you get the urge to defecate at most points.


Reflux symptoms of bowel movements

Symptoms may vary depending on the affected organ and the trigger point. Defecation of the stool can actually increase the water pressure by 20-25 cm on the anus. This can be very different from the fact that the stool is not actually present. Here are some of the symptoms you may experience during this process:

  • Feeling uncomfortable
  • Irregular bowel movements
  • There is no urge to pass the mall
  • Excessive pressure on the abdomen while excreting feces from your body
  • Stomach cramps

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How to prevent cavities in children’s teeth

How can I keep my baby's cavity free in early childhood?

As doctors, it is unfortunate to see parents bringing their young children for dental treatment with complaints that can be prevented through appropriate measures, says Dr. Supravya BS, Professor and Head, Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry Manipal College of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal. Often, the complaints are, “My child refuses to sleep at night and complains of severe toothache. I have given a painkiller syrup, but it does not seem to help” or “My child’s teeth are broken as soon as they come out. Now I am near the gums.” I can see several boils and he can’t eat. “

What is a dental caries?

Dental caries is a non-communicable disease that affects the teeth of people of all ages. The causes of dental caries are identified as poor oral hygiene practices, high frequency snacking, especially high sugar foods and low exposure to fluoride. When tooth decay occurs in children under 6 years of age, it is called “early childhood decay”. Here are the reasons for early childhood caries

  • Improper feeding habits
  • Lack of oral hygiene
  • Sugary foods during weaning

The effects of dental caries on a child’s health

  • A child may have pain complaints that affect daily activities such as sleep, play, school attendance as well as food intake
  • Prolonged untreated cavities can affect the quality of the baby’s diet, resulting in the diet being high in refined carbohydrates and sugars that compromise the baby’s nutrition.
  • Children can be at risk for a variety of illnesses such as sore throats, earaches or even recurrent episodes of lung infections.
Prevent cavities in children

How to prevent cavities in children’s teeth?

Here are some effective ways parents can prevent a child’s tooth cavity.

1. Feeding habits

Although breastfeeding is not harmful to the teeth, incorrect feeding methods can trigger childhood caries. Refrain from feeding the baby by keeping both the baby and the mother lying down. After each feeding, the baby should be stabbed and the milk stored around the teeth or gums (before tooth extraction) should be wrapped around the mother’s index finger with a clean cloth soaked in warm water. It is important to exclusively breastfeed the baby for the first six months of life because it reduces the baby’s vulnerability to allergens, healthy in terms of healthy, essential nutrients and provides good immunity against various diseases.

2. Practice oral hygiene

Prevent cavities in children

Wipe the baby’s gums at least twice daily with a clean damp cloth wrapped around the mother / caretaker’s index finger. If the first tooth is seen on the face, it should be brushed twice a day with a finger brush or infant toothbrush. A smear of rice grain size fluoridated toothpaste can be used for better protection against cavities. Excessive use of toothpaste can cause the baby to swallow the toothpaste, which can harm the baby. As the child grows older, parents should brush their child’s teeth twice a day.

Also read: No one has ever told you about flushing before

3. Weaning and diet

Weaning should usually start at six months of age. During this time, when solid or semi-watery foods are introduced to the baby, reduce the use of sugar in their diet. Family Pot Feeding- The best way to ensure nutritious and hollow food for the baby is to give the family food in mashed form before adding extra spices or salt. Avoid introducing sugary foods such as chocolate, candy, etc. until the child is two years old. Breastfeeding, especially at night when weaning, is a process of making cavities in the baby’s infant’s diet with sugary foods.

Prevent cavities in children

4. Regular visits to the pediatric dentist

Going to a pediatric dentist will help with early recognition of childhood care. The disease can be controlled if it is detected early according to the advice of the pediatric dentist. They can give you periodic instructions on your child’s dental home care, breastfeeding and weaning procedures. They also evaluate the baby’s diet and suggest a healthy replacement if it is found to have a degenerative tendency. Therefore, it is important that the baby’s first dental visit should be before the baby’s first birthday.

Also read: Tips to protect your aging teeth and gums

5. Parental oral hygiene rules before and during childbirth

Ensuring good nutrition of pregnant mother ensures proper development of fetal teeth. This prevents structural defects in the baby’s teeth which makes them at risk for dental caries. Bacteria that cause cavities often pass from parents (especially mothers) to babies if they have poor oral hygiene and have untreated cavities on their own. This can happen when hugging or kissing the baby or when sharing common utensils like cups and spoons. Therefore, it is important for mothers to take care of their teeth during pregnancy and for parents to treat their cavities.

Get out

In conclusion, early childhood erosion should not be neglected, as healthy baby teeth are important for the overall health of the baby. Dental hygiene affects the development of speech, healthy growth of the jaw and healthy permanent teeth in the future. With oral hygiene maintenance, good home care, proper baby feeding and proper eating habits, including periodic care by a pediatric dentist, can prevent or control early childhood erosion and ensure a quality life for your child.

Image Credit – Fripic

Environmental allergies Types and symptoms

Environmental allergies: what are they, types and symptoms

We are social animals and we live in an environment full of different items that affect us. Whether that effect is positive depends on each person individually but there are some allergens such as pollutants, dust mites, mites etc. that can affect your health. An allergen is a compound or holding that has no potential criteria for harming your health, but it is because the person cannot take it. Environmental allergens cause a lot of allergies that can make you sick from time to time. So to raise awareness about such allergens and allergens, we are conducting a “Healthy Living” campaign at OnlyMyHealth that can help you learn more about such health issues.

Environmental allergens

Allergies that are caused by an immune response to something that usually does no harm to your health are called environmental allergens. To find out more about this type of allergen, we spoke to Dr. Sumit Nigam, General Physician, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow. He said the symptoms of environmental allergies vary from person to person. You may feel sneezing, coughing or feeling tired when you come in contact with environmental allergens.


The World Health Organization has taken this issue differently as the theme of World Health Day 2022. They explained that climate and health crises occurred simultaneously. The world is heating up, fossil fuel burning is on the rise, mosquitoes are more numerous than ever before, land degradation, water scarcity and pollution are rapidly filling the environment. As a result, diseases, allergies and health problems are constantly increasing.

Symptoms of environmental allergies

The signs and symptoms of environmental allergies can be similar to the common cold and cough. Although the cause of the allergy may be different, there are some symptoms that you should be aware of-

  • Sneezing
  • Running nose
  • Weakness of breath
  • Headache
  • Itching
  • Smell

In some cases, where people have problems like asthma or diabetes, the symptoms may get worse. Also, the timing of environmental allergies and the proximity of allergens play an important role in this condition.

Read more – Pulmonary Embolism: Learn the symptoms, causes and risk factors

Types of environmental allergens

Allergens actually trigger your immune system causing you to have different types of allergies. Identifying your allergen can be an important step in treating it, here are some allergens that should be known-

1. Dust mites

Dust mite allergies are the most common type of indoor allergy that occurs in many people. Dust mites are tiny microscopic bugs that are commonly found on furniture and mattresses. This dust mite can cause worse allergies in the spring or summer season. People with dust mite allergies have trouble sleeping in a humid environment or in someone else’s bed.


2. Pollen allergy

These allergies are relatively less common in India but one of the major existing environmental allergies. For those who do not know, flowers have pollen, usually in the middle. They fly in the environment due to the wind and can get inside your mouth, throat and eyes. If you have these allergies, pollen allergies can cause tears, itchy throat and constant sneezing.

3. Pets

You may have heard that some people cannot tolerate pets or are allergic to them. So, it is not just because of any kind of fear or problem. This is due to pet saliva or pet dandruff which can affect people with these allergies and cause reactions on their skin or health problems. If you have a pet dandruff allergy, you may have the following symptoms:

  • Itching
  • Cough
  • Sneezing
  • Hives

This can happen when you live near an animal or in a place where there were some animals. It can even be caused by clothing that has pet dandruff.

Also read: 5 Reasons to Use Silk Scratches to Tie Your Hair

4. Mold allergy

Mold spores can lead to mild to severe symptoms depending on the individual’s reaction. The development of mold in the environment may be worse depending on the humid climate. Molds are sometimes found in basements and bathrooms. Here are some signs of a mold allergy:

  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Leather
  • Sneezing


5. Allergy to cigarette smoke

Some people also have many problems and allergies from cigarette smoke. This may be due to secondhand smoke exposure and may worsen as the allergy worsens with age. If you are allergic to cigarette smoke, it can cause irritation, shortness of breath and cough.

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Valvular itching: Causes and treatment of itching and rash in valvula

Valver condition: What is the cause of that painful itch and how to get rid of it

Itching around the genitals is not only common in men but women also sometimes experience an uncontrolled itchy vagina which can be awkward if you are in a public place. There is nothing to be ashamed of as it is a natural phenomenon as the skin around the vagina is sensitive and can often cause itching, rashes. Most women do not share this problem with anyone because of shame where they must talk to a gynecologist to find out the root cause. There are many cases where women suffer from valvular itching for months but it is not treated. Let’s raise awareness about valvular conditions through this article so that people do not have to control that itching.

According to Dr. Samar Gupte, MD, Consultant Gynecologist and Cancer Specialist at Hinduja Healthcare, Hinduja Hospital Mahim, Surya Hospital, Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai. Pain and itching around the valve is a common symptom of an underlying valve condition. If you experience frequent itching, you must check yourself. In most cases, itching is also caused by allergies, hay fever, diabetes, thyroid, and skin disorders.

Valvar conditions

There are three conditions where your valve may feel itchy and painful.

  • Skin condition– The skin around the valve is ultimately the only skin that can be affected due to internal or external factors. This can cause eczema and psoriasis around your vagina too! In summer it is common because sweat and abrasions wear out the skin.
  • Use of scented vaginal products– Do not use any kind of perfume around your genitals. These include scented vaginal washes and deodorants. These products can cause skin reactions.
  • Allergic reactions– If you feel itchy valve after using certain products, it can cause irritation and allergies which can lead to valve condition. Stop using such products immediately. If you continue to use them, it can cause severe skin reactions.
Valvar conditions

Note: Vaginal itching should not be ignored if it persists for a long time. Do a self-analysis first and then go to a gynecologist to diagnose the problem.

Also read: Excessive itching around the breast is an early sign of breast dermatitis

How to treat valvular itching and rash?

If the problem is minor, it is possible to treat the condition at home. According to Dr. Gupta, the treatment of valvular and vaginal itching depends on the problem. If the triggers are external, removing them can bring immediate relief. For example, if you experience itching and irritation after using a certain soap or vaginal product, stopping using it will improve your condition.

  • Problems due to allergic reactions can be relieved by taking anti-allergic medications.
  • Antihistamines can also solve the problem.

However, these are remedial measures that may not work for everyone. This condition can be repeated if there is an internal reason for it. In such cases, specialist supervision is required and you must consult a doctor for proper treatment.

Valvar conditions

Also read: All About Vaginal Steaming: Does This Alternative Therapy Really Work?

Valver itch care tips by doctor

Taking good care of your vagina and surrounding skin has won half the battle. The area is sensitive and should be dealt with sensitively. Here are some expert care tips for Valva:

  • The skin around the vulva is very sensitive. You should avoid using chemical-based products around your vagina.
  • Do not use perfumed soaps as they disturb the pH of the skin around the valves.
  • Use vaginal wash recommended by your doctor. These prevent hydrating and dryness.
  • Do not use sanitary pads as they contain chemicals which can cause itching. Use tampons or monthly cups instead.
  • Use only medicated products for vaginal cleansing as these provide the necessary support and are free from irritating and harsh chemicals.
  • Use only natural wipes with organic oils.
  • Do not scratch with nails as it may cause redness and rash which can be extremely painful.
  • Wear loose clothing and try to wear only cotton undergarments or breathable fabric.
  • Use a hydrating moisturizer or body butter to keep valvular skin hydrated and moisturized. It prevents dryness and itching.


Valvular conditions can occur for a variety of reasons. It is important to identify them and treat them accordingly to prevent recurrence. You can consult a gynecologist for a physical examination and then follow the treatment.

Image Credit – Fripic

UTI in men: Symptoms, causes and how to deal with it Urinary tract infections

UTI in men: Symptoms, causes and how to deal with it

What is a urinary tract infection (UTI)? It is a bladder infection that allows bacteria to enter any part of the urinary tract. This condition is more common in women than men. Men with symptoms like frequent and painful urination may have UTIs. When a man has a urinary tract infection, it is mostly complicated and has a higher risk of spreading to the kidneys and upper urethra. It is curable through home remedies and other medical procedures. In some cases, the only treatment option is surgery. Onlymyhealth spoke to the editorial team Dr. Aditya Pradhan, Director – Urology, Max Hospital GurgaonLearn about the symptoms, causes and ways of UTI in men.

UTI symptoms in men

It is not mandatory that all men with UTI have symptoms. In some cases, they do not develop any specific symptoms of infection. But if there are any symptoms, they are:

  • Frequent urination
  • Pain when urinating
  • Urination
  • Can’t start urinating
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain near the bladder

In severe cases, the symptoms of urinary tract infections in men are:

  • Fever
  • Feeling sick
  • Cold
  • Vomit

Causes of UTI in men

Some medical conditions, such as sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and prostate problems, can put you at risk for UTIs in men. These types of infections are mostly caused by bacteria, but viruses can also be a factor. Older men are more likely to be infected. It develops from bacteria already present in the body. According to Dr. Aditya, the main risk factors for UTI in men are:

  • Kidney stones
  • Prostate disease
  • Diabetes
  • Not taking in enough fluids
  • Urinary tract cancer
  • Previous UTI
  • Swxually transmitted infections
  • Not circumcised

The bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli) enters the urethra through the urethra. Although rare, men can also get urinary tract infections from women during sexual intercourse because these infections can transmit bacteria to women.

Ways to deal with UTIs in men

Use in men

To diagnose a UTI, the doctor will first ask about the symptoms and previous history of UTI. He will also do a physical examination. As part of some laboratory tests, the specialist will ask for a sample of your urine to test for any pus and bacteria.

UTIs in men are often complicated and require proper treatment. The type of treatment usually depends on the cause of the urinary tract infection. The most common way to treat UTIs is with antibiotics. The main goal of the treatment plan is to prevent urinary tract infections from spreading to the kidneys or the upper part of the urine.

Also read: 5 Tips To Prevent And Deal With Urinary Tract Infections

1. Medicine

If you are suffering from UTI, your doctor may prescribe some necessary antibiotics. These drugs should be prescribed to kill bacteria and viruses, so do not take any medicine on your own. For the treatment of mild UTIs, oral antibiotics are the best treatment for this infection.

2. Drink enough fluids

In addition to medication, it is important to drink plenty of fluids. Adequate fluid intake is good for urination as it will help expel bacteria from the urethra. Keep your body hydrated and urinate frequently. However, avoid caffeine and sugary drinks in such cases. If you find it uncomfortable to urinate, you may be tempted to reduce your fluid intake.

UTIs are uncommon in men, but they can sometimes develop an infection. If you start experiencing any symptoms of UTI, it is important to seek immediate medical advice as these infections are not treated on their own. Those who have a serious or complex infection may need surgery. UTI in men is complex and requires at least 7 days to recover.

Image Credit: Charlottemanshelth