Any type of brain injury can be very serious and fatal. Effects on the brain Your nerves can be damaged and your body’s functioning can be affected by it. One of the most dangerous conditions in the brain that can cause death is called brain hemorrhage. Most people are not able to get rid of most types of brain hemorrhage. Cerebral hemorrhage refers to severe bleeding inside your scalp and brain. There are different types of brain hemorrhage or intracranial hemorrhage in the body. Today we will learn about different types of brain hemorrhages and their effects.
What is intracranial hemorrhage?
Intracranial hemorrhage or ICH refers to acute bleeding inside your scalp or brain. This is definitely a life-threatening emergency and you should not ignore it at any cost. To find out more about different types of brain hemorrhage, we spoke to Dr. Yashwant Agarwal, a nephrologist at Vojart Healthcare Hospital in Bangalore. Bleeding in the brain depends on the location of the damaged nerve, he said. The location of these damaged nerves can determine the type of cerebral hemorrhage. Let’s look at the type of this deadly disease.
Types of brain hemorrhage
Four types, viz.
- Epidural hematoma
- Subdural hematoma
- Subarachnoid bleeding
- Intracerebral hemorrhage
1. Subdural hematoma
In this condition there is a collection of blood on the surface of your brain. Subdural hematoma can be caused by your head moving too fast and stopping sudden movement. This is usually due to a car accident or accidental impact. You may be shocked to see it, but it is the same kind of movement, a child feels when his head is shaking fast. A subdural hematoma is the most common ICH in the elderly. It can also be caused by heavy alcohol abuse.
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2. Subarachnoid hemorrhage
This type of bleeding occurs when there is slight bleeding between the thin tissue and the lining of the brain. These tissues inside the brain are called meninges. The most common cause of subarachnoid hemorrhage is trauma. This may be due to rupture of major blood vessels in the brain such as intracerebral aneurysm. In this type of bleeding, there is a sharp and sudden headache before the person becomes unconscious or before this condition occurs. Sometimes you may have symptoms such as loss of consciousness and vomiting.
3. Intracerebral hemorrhage
This is the most severe type of bleeding that occurs with a stroke. Intracerebral hemorrhage is when there is bleeding in your brain. This is the most common type of ice in humans. It is not usually the result of an injury and thus can occur suddenly at any point or movement. Intracerebral hemorrhage can have serious consequences and can lead to brain death if the patient is not taken to the hospital immediately.
Having this hammer may have some warning signs before the bleeding starts. This is a neurological deficiency which is also called a problem in the functioning of the brain. Some of the symptoms that can occur before the bleeding progresses are-
- Difficulty speaking
- Feeling sick
- Consciousness has decreased
- High blood pressure
- Weakness in one part of the body
4. Epidural hematoma
A hematoma is a ball-like collection of blood or clots outside a blood vessel. In the case of an epidural hematoma, blood clots form between the scalp and the outer lining of the brain. It is usually caused by a skull fracture or a head injury. It is the result of high pressure bleeding from prominent features. If you have an epidural hematoma, you may lose consciousness for a short time and recover after a while.
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Risk of brain hemorrhage or bleeding
Most injuries to the brain are due to head injuries or cerebral hemorrhage. There are some lifestyle choices that can also put you at increased risk of head injury and lead you to ICH.
- Family history of ICH
- Excessive consumption of alcohol
- High blood pressure
- Excessive tobacco or cigarette smoking
- Use of certain drugs, including cocaine and MDMA
- Extreme physical exertion
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