We think about food but we never think about how it gets out of our system, do we? Okay, it may sound awkward but defecation is an important part of body activity, such as taking food. You can call it defecation, defecation or defecation, all the same but all you need to take care of is to get rid of your body waste in the right way. The process of eliminating feces from the body can sometimes become difficult and you will have to put extra pressure to pass feces. This is not a healthy process, if it happens regularly, it could be a sign that something serious is happening to your defecation system. Today, we will learn about the reflux process of defecation and the problems that occur with it.
What is defecation?
We talked Dr. Sumit Nigam, General Physician, Sahara Hospital, Lucknow to know about the defecation process. He explained that the process of eliminating waste from the body in the form of stool is called defecation. When you sit on the toilet seat, there is a normal urge to defecate and you do not have to make any extra effort to do so. But in some cases, this does not happen naturally and when the reflex condition of the stool goes wrong. You may need to find out the cause of the bowel movements to make sure the reflexes work normally and your health is not affected.
How does bowel reflux work?
To know the problem, it is important to know about the process of natural defecation. It starts when you take a meal and it goes into your esophagus and then into the stomach. When food passes through the small intestine, there is juice that is added to it. It then travels to the large intestine and eventually to the rectum. The rectum is the destination or place where the large intestine is connected through the rectum and the process of defecation takes place.
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Here are some steps that can be taken to trigger bowel reflux.
The muscles of the colon are compressed to move the stool towards the anus. The process is called mass movement and can cause problems with bowel reflux.
When the stool goes to the anus, the tissue present in the organ spreads. As these tissues dilate, it sends a signal to the brain.
When the two main sphincters around the anus are affected, the reflux starts and you cannot control the defecation voluntarily. This is where the external sphincter or skeletal muscle is affected and skeletal muscle takes control.
Rectal reflux occurs when the rectal inhibitory reflex does not respond properly to relaxation of the internal rectal sphincter. It occurs in response to rectal extension.
Once the defecation of defecation starts, you can either delay or defecate. Delays occur when a person does not go to the bathroom immediately. Due to the muscles present in the rectum, the stool moves backwards and so it does not happen when you try to defecate or defecate. In order to defecate properly, you need to exert extra pressure which signals the brain to move the stool forward and then out of the body.
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Types of defecation
There are two types of defecation reflected in the body-
Parasympathetic defecation- This happens when the motions are the same but the urge may not be as strong.
Reflection of Menteric Defecation- This is a process when peristalsis increases and the stool goes to the anus. Eventually you get the urge to defecate at most points.
Reflux symptoms of bowel movements
Symptoms may vary depending on the affected organ and the trigger point. Defecation of the stool can actually increase the water pressure by 20-25 cm on the anus. This can be very different from the fact that the stool is not actually present. Here are some of the symptoms you may experience during this process:
- Feeling uncomfortable
- Irregular bowel movements
- There is no urge to pass the mall
- Excessive pressure on the abdomen while excreting feces from your body
- Stomach cramps
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