Bone is one of the most important organs in the body which is responsible not only for providing a structure, but also for protecting all the vital organs. But what if bone density continues to decline due to pollution and climate change? It is an undeniable fact that a number of health problems are on the rise due to contaminants which are having adverse effects on the body. According to a study by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), relentless exposure to contaminants, especially air pollution, can damage bone health, affecting overall bone density leading to osteoporosis and other major bone diseases.
World Health Day is celebrated on April 7 every year to raise awareness about a specific health issue of global concern. This time the theme is ‘Our planet, our healthIn fact, Onlymyhealth has launched a ‘Focus of the Month’ campaign, where we will be sharing stories with insights from many experts on a variety of topics each month. And, this month’s focus will be on ‘healthy living’. With World Health Day 2022 Near the corner, we talked Dr. Bishwa Goel, Consultant Orthopedics and Joint Replacement Surgery, Manipal Hospital, Patiala, Learn about the effects of environmental factors on bone health and how to deal with it.
Effects of environmental factors on bone health
Osteoporosis is a serious condition in which bone density and quality decrease. Over time, this disease causes the bones to become brittle and brittle. As a result, a person with this dangerous disease experiences fractures easily and persistently. Globally, the disease is largely responsible for other diseases and its outbreak is expected to increase due to increased pollution. Since several studies have suggested that our environment plays a major role in the development of bone formation, osteoporosis develops in people who are constantly exposed to certain toxins in the environment.
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The skull, teeth and internal bones may be less durable if a person is constantly exposed to this toxin. Since air pollution is associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, experts suggest that the severity and progression of osteoporosis is directly linked to inflammation induced by air pollutants such as particles. These toxins can come from natural sources such as water minerals or air molecules. In other cases, certain toxins are produced through human origin, from the manufacture and use of products.
How to strengthen bones?
Although it is completely impossible to avoid the risk of osteoporosis because the contamination is constantly increasing and other physical factors also affect the bones. However, through certain lifestyle habits and eating habits, it is possible to improve overall bone health and reduce the risk of this complex condition. According to Dr. World, these include:
1. Increase physical activity
It has been found that people who lead sedentary lives have a higher risk of developing osteoporosis. Increased physical activity not only helps reduce risk factors, but also helps reduce weight which can reduce stress on the bones.
2. Calcium rich food
It is important to include calcium as part of your daily diet. Calcium plays a major role in promoting bone health. It is therefore advisable to include green leafy vegetables and dairy foods in your daily diet.
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3. Avoid exposure to air pollutants
Since contamination increases the risk of developing this condition, it is also recommended to avoid exposure to internal and external contaminants that can damage the lungs. One must install an air purifier to get rid of indoor smoke that may contain toxins that affect bones. At the same time it is always advisable to wear a mask before leaving the house.