Cancer is a deadly disease and we are all aware of the dire consequences of this disease. There are different types of cancer that can put you to death but not all stages of cancer are severe for you. Oral cancer or oral cancer is a common form of cancer that can occur in different places in your mouth. It can occur on the roof of your mouth, lips, the first part of the tongue and the floor of the mouth. Please note that smoking is not the only source of oral cancer, there are many more. You need to be aware of the signs and causes to prevent oral cancer in your mouth.
What is oral cancer?
Oral cancer is a compound term for cancer that affects the inside of your mouth. To find out more about oral cancer, we spoke to Dr. Rishav Goel, a cancer specialist at Vojart Healthcare Hospital in Bangalore. Oral cancer can look like a very common problem that can occur on your lips or mouth. You may have white spots on different parts of your face. However, a common symptom of oral cancer is that it does not go away so easily. When left untreated, oral cancer can spread from your mouth and throat to your neck and other parts of the head. About 63% of people have oral cavity cancer and it is more likely to occur 5 years after diagnosis.
Who has oral cancer?
Oral cancer affects more men than women. However, in western countries human development is more likely. Oral cancer is more common in the world than in people living in the Southeast, East and South Asian blocs. Oral cancer can affect your mouth and oropharynx. The oropharynx includes part of the tongue and the roof of your mouth. It also contains the middle part of the throat, which can be seen when the mouth is open. This type of oropharynx cancer can be very complicated and can lead to life-threatening conditions if left untreated.
Oral cancer can affect the following parts of the mouth:
- Inner lining
- Two thirds of the tongue
- The floor of the mouth
- The area behind the right wisdom teeth
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Symptoms of oral cancer
- You have sores on your lips or inside your mouth that can bleed easily and not heal in two weeks.
- Rough sounds, rough spots on your lips, gums or inside your mouth.
- Numbness or pain in the face, neck or in your face which will happen for no apparent reason.
- Unintentional weight loss.
- Chronic and smelly
- Ear pain
- Bleeding in the mouth without any specific cause.
- Difficulty chewing, swallowing, talking or moving the jaw or tongue.
What causes oral cancer?
Oral cancer often spreads to squamous cells in the oral cavity. Squamous cells are flattened and when viewed under a microscope, they look like fish scales. These squamous cells become cancerous when their DNA begins to change and grow under sin. On the course. These cancer cells spread to different parts of the mouth. The causes of oral cancer can be many but the main problem that turns normal cells into cancer is mentioned above. At rest there are many diseases and health conditions that can lead to the development of oral cancer.
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Risk factors for oral cancer
- Smoking cigarettes or cigars etc.
- Use of tobacco products that people chew, dip or sniff from pipes
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Spend more time on the protection lip and with the sunblock
- There is HPV, the human papilloma virus
- Oral cancer has a family history
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