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Why Kidney Fails? Causes, Symptoms and Treatment of Kidney Failure

Do you know why a kidney fails?  Here are the causes, symptoms and treatment options

Kidney is an important part of human body. Common kidney problems include urinary incontinence, fluid retention and fatigue which can be easily treated with medication but proper treatment is required for chronic kidney disease. Many people ignore the early signs of kidney problems which can lead to kidney failure! Sadly, people don’t know much about kidney failure or chronic kidney disease. Through this article, we have come up with all the necessary information regarding kidney failure.

Kidney failure?

According to Dr. Dilip M Babu, Consultant Nephrologist, Yashoda Hospital Hyderabad, Kidneys fail when they stop working or do not perform the prescribed functions like removing blood filters and waste products, excess salt and urine from the body. Kidney failure is a gradual process that occurs over time. Your kidneys gradually lose the ability to filter blood and remove waste from the body.

The two main causes of kidney failure are hypertension (hypertension) and diabetes. If you have both, you are at high risk for chronic kidney disease.

What are the symptoms of CKD?

In common usage, kidney failure is also called chronic kidney disease. Talking about the symptoms of kidney failure, the doctor shared that there are no symptoms of kidney failure in the early stages. When the condition worsens, a person may experience these problems:

  • Swelling of the feet, ankles and ankles
  • Frequent high blood pressure
  • Weak bones or bone loss
  • Low hemoglobin levels
  • Extreme fatigue or exhaustion
Kidney failure

How to protect the kidneys from kidney failure?

If you have chronic kidney disease, you must take the following steps to protect your kidneys from failure:

  • Blood Pressure Control – Since high blood pressure is a risk factor for kidney failure, take your BP and other medications every day, if your doctor prescribes them.
  • Blood Sugar Control – If you have diabetes, it is important to keep your blood sugar under strict control.
  • Change your diet, if your doctor says you should
  • Quit smoking, if you smoke
  • Lose weight, if you are overweight

Avoid drugs known as “nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs” or NSAIDs. Consult your doctor or kidney specialist before starting any new medication এমনকি even over-the-counter medications.

What is the treatment for CKD?

People with early-stage CKD may take medication to prevent the disease from getting worse. But what happens if the kidneys stop working completely?

Kidney failure

If your kidneys stop working completely, you can choose between 3 different treatments to get your kidneys working.

# 1 Kidney transplant

You can have kidney transplant surgery which is the best option available. That way, the new kidney can work on your own. If you have a kidney transplant, you will need to take lifelong medication to protect your body from adverse reactions to the new kidney. You only need one kidney to survive.

# 2 Hemodialysis

You can filter your blood by a machine. This treatment is called hemodialysis but many call it just dialysis. If you choose this method, you will need to be connected to the machine at least 3 times a week for a few hours for the rest of your life. Before you begin, you will need to have surgery to prepare a blood vessel for attachment to a machine called an AV fistula.

Kidney failure

# 3 Peritoneal dialysis

You can learn to use a special fluid that has to be piped in and out of your stomach every day. This treatment is called peritoneal dialysis. If you choose this type of dialysis, you will need surgery to insert a tube into your abdomen. Then you have to learn how to pipe the liquid through that tube and get inside.

Is it possible to treat kidney failure without dialysis?

Stage 5 Kidney failure will require lifelong dialysis or kidney transplantation. Of these two options, a kidney transplant is the best treatment available because patients will have better survival and quality of life after a kidney transplant.

How to treat kidney failure at different stages?

There are five stages of chronic kidney disease. The initial four stages are administered with auxiliary drugs such as medication to control blood pressure and blood sugar. Management of kidney failure includes treatment of the underlying causes of kidney dysfunction and preventing or slowing the progression of kidney disease. Other medications used to treat complications of kidney failure include water and electrolyte imbalance disorders, such as excess water, high potassium, metabolic acidosis and excess phosphorus, as well as medications for symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and bone disease.


You and your doctor need to work together to find the right treatment for you. Kidney transplant surgery is usually the best option for most people. But often if no kidney is available for transplant then you can register in the organ donation life program.

Image Credit – Fripic

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